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Christoph Toeglhofer, Roland Mestel, and Franz Prettenthaler

the weather risk that ski areas currently face, inherent uncertainties remain concerning the methodological robustness of the estimates obtained, both on the basis of the shorter periods, and when using the analog approach. Estimates derived using the latter approach are likely to be at the lower boundary of actual weather risk. On the other hand, the decision concerning whether to account for trends in the underlying meteorological data or not, has a clear influence on the estimated likelihood of

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Matthew Cotton and Emma Stevens

). In short, our data can be interpreted as showing that adaptation planning is perceived as being compatible with meeting the needs of current citizens (an intra -generational) rather than being a future ( inter -generational) climate change problem, although the prevalence of this discursive framing through demographically representative survey work would be a fruitful line of future research. 6. Concluding remarks This study has demonstrated the boundary work of the adaptation concept

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Duzgun Agdas, Forrest J. Masters, and Gregory D. Webster

-related risk perception. Current experimental design addressed these issues by (i) collecting open-ended continuous responses of weather agent intensities and personal risk scores on an ordinal scale (supplemented with sociodemographic information about participants) and (ii) randomizing experimental stimuli order at both within- and between-person levels to eliminate possible order effects. 4. Experiments Wind, rain, and wind-driven rain were experimentally manipulated in an observatory attached to a

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Tyler A. Beeton and Shannon M. McNeeley

issues of concern and evaluates whether current management decisions are appropriate under projected changes, or whether they need to be reconsidered, is warranted. Second, relatively few cross-boundary and regional- to national-level drought responses were reported. These decisions were constrained by competing mandates, resource constraints, and distrust. Intra-agency support to carry out day-to-day tasks, financial mechanisms to support interagency work, requirements for collaboration, and

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G. B. Raga, M. G. de la Parra, and Beata Kucienska

lightning database recorded by the World Wide Lightning Location Network (WWLLN) that detects the very low-frequency radiation (“sferics”) associated with lightning strokes. The network is currently formed by about 50 stations distributed around the world, located primarily at universities and research centers. WWLLN started operating in 2002 ( Dowden et al. 2008 ) but only from 2005 onward did the detection efficiency reach an acceptable level ( Jacobson et al. 2006 ; Abarca et al. 2010 ). Currently

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Iván J. Ramírez, Sue C. Grady, and Michael H. Glantz

. These data were obtained from documents including health data and bulletins, newspaper archives, and reports from Peruvian nongovernmental and governmental institutions. Following this introduction is a description of the climate affairs approach and its application in this study. The second section is a review of the El Niño–cholera hypothesis in Peru. The third section recounts the current evidence in support of the hypothesis and a link. Here, our focus is the literature in Peru. The fourth

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Brian Mills, Jean Andrey, Sean Doherty, Brent Doberstein, and Jennifer Yessis

occupational studies focused on construction ( Lipscomb et al. 2006 ) and mail delivery ( Bentley and Haslam 2001 ). Most pertinent to the current study is literature that examined relationships between fall-related injuries and weather, or walking-surface conditions, at subseasonal scales over longer periods of time that include many weather events. Retrospective studies have compared the presence or absence of hazardous weather conditions during days with a high prevalence of falls relative to other days

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Amber Saylor Mase and Linda Stalker Prokopy

. Similar to Garbrecht and Schneider (2007) , they argue for more participatory research that considers farmers’ perspectives as well as cross-disciplinary approaches that bring together climate, agricultural, and social science to make the most of advances in forecasting ( Meinke and Stone 2005 ). Hansen (2002) reviews research up to that time on the potential of climate forecasts for agriculture in both the United States and Australia, what weather and climate information farmers are currently

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Tamara U. Wall, Alison M. Meadow, and Alexandra Horganic

al. 2014 ; Meadow et al. 2015 ), and go beyond a set of best practices to effectively measure these key principles and their importance in the coproduction process. In this paper we present our work on developing and testing an evaluative framework for coproduced climate science. In this research, we identified the key principles in coproducing knowledge from the existing literature, examined how usable climate research is currently evaluated, and interviewed experienced climate science

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Randall S. Cerveny, Pierre Bessemoulin, Christopher C. Burt, Mary Ann Cooper, Zhang Cunjie, Ashraf Dewan, Jonathan Finch, Ronald L. Holle, Laurence Kalkstein, Andries Kruger, Tsz-cheung Lee, Rodney Martínez, M. Mohapatra, D. R. Pattanaik, Thomas C. Peterson, Scott Sheridan, Blair Trewin, Andrew Tait, and M. M. Abdel Wahab

) deadliest lightning strike (indirect death), 2) deadliest lightning strike (direct death), 3) deadliest tropical cyclone, 4) deadliest tornado, and 5) deadliest hailstorm. These five disasters were selected because at this time these four aspects of meteorology (lightning, tropical cyclone, tornado, and hailstorm) currently exist in the WMO Archive of Weather and Climate Extremes and therefore provide an initial foundation for meteorologically related mortality extremes. In the future, it is likely that

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