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R. H. Ewing

question becomes:when will the thermal power of U. S. cities satisfy thecondition for inversion avoidance? In his projection, Lees assumes that 80% of the electrical power consumption, 60% of the residential andcommercial gas and oil consumption, and 100% of theenergy consumption for transportation occur duringthe day, and that this consumption equals the thermalpower of an urban area. Conversely, 20% of the electrical power consumption, and 40% of the residentialand commercial gas and oil

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Rudolf F. Pueschel and Gerhard Langer

, Department of Transportation. REFERENCESBatchelor, G. K., 1950: The application of the similarity theory of turbulence to atmospheric diffusion. Q,art. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 76, 133-146.Ellsaesser, H. W., 1969: A climatology of epsilon. Mon. Wea. Rev., 97, 415-423.Lin, C. C., 1960: On a theory of dispersion of continuous move ments. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 46, 566-570.Lin, Jung-Tai, 1972: Relative dispersion in the enstrophy-cascad ing inertial range of homogeneous two

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Jian Li and Rucong Yu

is proposed in section 3 and two applications are shown in section 4 . Section 5 summarizes the major points of this paper. 2. Data description This study is based on the dataset of hourly rain gauge records for the period from 1961 to 2010 at 465 meteorological stations throughout contiguous China. This dataset was obtained from the national climatic reference network and national weather surface network of China and was collected and quality controlled by the National Meteorological

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Prashant Goswami and J. Baruah

reliable projection of air pollution for proactive mitigation. This requires, first of all, reliable simulations of concentrations of pollutants, especially over major urban locations that are emerging as drivers of atmospheric pollution. The two major challenges in simulating air pollution are a dynamical model that generates the meteorological fields accurately and a species model that realistically represents the sources and the sinks. The latter has to be developed in a location-specific manner as

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Donald A. Wilhite, Norman J. Rosenberg, and Michael H. Glantz

332 JOURNAL OF CLIMATE AND APPLIED METEOROLOGY VOLUME2$Improving Federal Response to Drought* DONALD A. WILHITE AND NORMAN J. ROSENBER(3Center for Agricultural Meteorology and Climatology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln. ArE 68583 MICHAEL H. GLANTZEnvironmental and Societal Impacts Group, National Center for Atmospheric Research) Boulder, CO 80307(Manuscript received 10 March 1985, in final form

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Todd D. Sikora and David M. Halverson

the end that it is possible that the ship-track mechanism may operate in concert with the land-breeze mechanism, extending or enhancing land-breeze-induced ACLs. The current research should be looked upon as an extension of Sikora et al. (2001) , aimed at gaining insight about how frequently ACLs occur and the near-surface meteorological environment in which they form. AVHRR imagery of the mid-Atlantic region of the United States has been archived by the Ocean Remote Sensing Group at JHUAPL since

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Tsann-Wang Yu and Norman Y. Wagner

760 JOURNAL OF APPLIED METEOROLOGY Vo~u~m9Diurnal Variation of Onshore Wind Speed Near a Coastline~ TSANN-WANG -U AND NORMAN K. WAGNERAtmosph~ri~ Science Group, The University of Texas at Austin (Manuscript received 10 April 1970)ABSTRACT Surface wind data taken from 19 km offshore to 14 km inland during several days of onshore wind occurrence were reduced and analyzed. The mean kinetic energy per

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Motoi Kumai

crystalsformed at temperatures of -90 to -160-C. Plates were observed at -100-C, and were analyzed as havinga hexagonal form by their electron diffraction patterns. Cubic forms of ice crystals were observed below-100-C.1. Introduction Basic research on artificial dissipation of supercooled fog can be applied to improve visibility forsurface and air traffic, and to prevent the icing ofhelicopters and other means of transportation in coldregions. Liquid propane has been used for artificialdissipation of

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Jean Philippe Piedelievre, Lue Musson-Genon, and François Bompay

-h. These results illustrate the complexity of the transport and diffusion of the pollution cloud during the 10day time-evolution of the synoptic meteorological pattern following the accident. However, the results presented above are not sufficient to conclude that MEDIAadequately describes transportation and diffusion of apollutant.c. Comparison of results with measurements The only way to emphasize the capability of themodel to adequately describe the time-evolution of aradioactive cloud is to

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Donald A. Wilhite

40JOURNAL OF CLIMATE AND APPLIED METEOROLOGYVOLUME 22Government Response to Drought in the United States:With Particular Reference to the Great Plains'DONALD A. Wu.HrrECenter for Agricultural Meteorology and Climatology, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources.University of Nebraska, Lincoln 68583(Manuscript received 17 July 1982, in final form 7 September 1982)ABSTRACTDrought relief has become an expected response of the federal government to periods of widespreaddrought in the United

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