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Yang Hong
,
Thomas Connor
,
Huan Luo
,
Xiaoxing Bian
,
Zhaogang Duan
,
Zhuo Tang
, and
Jindong Zhang

a questionnaire survey administered to 202 local farmers on the distribution of livestock in Wolong Nature Reserve ( Wang et al. 2018b ) to define HGDAs versus LGDAs. Specifically, we defined Weijiagou as an HGDA because of a relatively high livestock sign density of 5.84 animals km −2 and defined Yinchangou as an LGDA because of its relatively low livestock sign density of 0.17 animals km −2 ( Fig. 1 ). The elevation span and vegetation communities of two mesoscale study areas (Yinchanggou

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Daniel P. Zitterbart
,
Heather R. Smith
,
Michael Flau
,
Sebastian Richter
,
Elke Burkhardt
,
Joe Beland
,
Louise Bennett
,
Alejandro Cammareri
,
Andrew Davis
,
Meike Holst
,
Caterina Lanfredi
,
Hanna Michel
,
Michael Noad
,
Kylie Owen
,
Aude Pacini
, and
Olaf Boebel

close-by elusive animals and animal farther out. For the thermal (IR) system, the often-large numbers of diving gannets in the area, apparently feeding on the same prey as the humpbacks, often lead to the detection algorithm running into its computational limit and subsequently dropping frames, thus missing detections. We anticipate that such problems are owed to the land-based setting of our study, and are unlikely to occur on a ship-based scenario. Comparison of performance, P ( A | B ), on a

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E. R. M. Archer van Garderen

in Puerto Rico . Proc. Senepol Symp., St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands, University of the Virgin Islands, 13 pp. [Available online at http://www.uvi.edu/sites/uvi/Documents/AES/Animal%20Science/Cianzio1.pdf .] INGC, 2009: Synthesis report—INGC climate change report: Study on the impact of climate change on disaster risk in Mozambique. B. van Logchem and R. Brito, Eds., INGC, Mozambique, 48 pp. [Available online at http://www.undp.org.mz/en/Publications/Other-Publications/INGC-Climate-Change-Report-Study

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Judy Shamoun-Baranes
,
Silke Bauer
,
Jason W. Chapman
,
Peter Desmet
,
Adriaan M. Dokter
,
Andrew Farnsworth
,
Hans van Gasteren
,
Birgen Haest
,
Jarmo Koistinen
,
Bart Kranstauber
,
Felix Liechti
,
Tom H. E. Mason
,
Cecilia Nilsson
,
Raphael Nussbaumer
,
Baptiste Schmid
,
Nadja Weisshaupt
, and
Hidde Leijnse

flows, the European Network for the Radar surveillance of Animal Movement (ENRAM) was established with 24 participating countries including experts in ecology, meteorology, and information science ( Shamoun-Baranes et al. 2014 ). This interdisciplinary collaboration resulted in a data license agreement between ENRAM members and the OPERA network that allows the use of weather radar data for ecological research, the implementation of a data processing pipeline, and the establishment an open access

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Valuing Seasonal Climate Forecasts in the Northern Australia Beef Industry

D. H. Cobon
,
R. Darbyshire
,
J. Crean
,
S. Kodur
,
M. Simpson
, and
C. Jarvis

and females in various age classes. For this application the focus was on the balance of pasture availability and animal weight gain not on herd dynamics or breeding strategies (e.g., calving time), which operate on time horizons longer than a season. As such, GRASP was sufficient to capture the key linkages between pasture production, beef production, and climate variability, which were the focus of this study. Nonetheless, a more complex biophysical model would allow for more nuanced stocking

Open access
Kevin J. Rennert
,
Gerard Roe
,
Jaakko Putkonen
, and
Cecilia M. Bitz

the main issues in studying ROS. There is an abundance of evidence in the form of eyewitness accounts and animal mortality that ROS occurred and had a larger magnitude than was recorded. This is not surprising given the relatively small area of impact relative to the resolution of the datasets, but is nonetheless an issue when trying to even qualitatively estimate the impacts of such events. Also, even though firsthand accounts indicated heavier rains occurred than were recorded, it still is

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Michael C. Gregg
and
John K. Horne

profiles ( Thorpe 1977 ). In contrast to these general arguments, Huntley and Zhou (2004) took a “tail up” approach to biologically induced mixing by analyzing the hydrodynamic characteristics of marine animals. They began with the work of a single swimmer to overcome drag, e d = u c D , where u c is the cruising speed, D is the drag, and the units are watts. The expression used for drag is D = (1/2) ρC d A w u c 2 , where C d = 0.072Re −0.2 is the drag coefficient for a flat plate, A w

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Amin Dezfuli
,
Kyle G. Horton
,
Benjamin Zuckerberg
,
Siegfried D. Schubert
, and
Michael G. Bosilovich

not been fully understood, and the common spatial classification approaches are either subjective or based on the time-averaged migratory behavior and therefore neglect year-to-year variability ( Hawkins 1984 ; La Sorte et al. 2014b ; Olsen et al. 2006 ). Those studies that consider interannual variability are limited to observations from individual sites ( Van Buskirk et al. 2009 ; Oliver et al. 2020 ; Ballard et al. 2003 ). To fill these voids, we have proposed a new geographic framework

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Terhi Mäkinen
,
Jenna Ritvanen
,
Seppo Pulkkinen
,
Nadja Weisshaupt
, and
Jarmo Koistinen

beyond. Additional challenges can also arise from irreversible quality control (QC) procedures a posteriori ( Shamoun-Baranes et al. 2021 ). The method presented in this paper can easily solve issues in application-dependent QC by providing per-bin probabilistic assessment of utility for, e.g., QPE or animal quantification. Referring to the already extensive scientific utilization of weather radars in bird migration studies the method described in this paper, together with the method of Jatau et

Open access
Nisam Mang Luxom
and
Rishi Kumar Sharma

1. Comment Factors influencing snow leopard habitat use have been the focal area of numerous studies across the snow leopard range (e.g., Alexander et al. 2016 ; Chundawat 1990 ; Forrest et al. 2012 ; Schaller 1998 ; Sharma et al. 2021 ; Wolf and Ale 2009 ; Yang et al. 2021 ). These studies are often conducted at landscape or regional scales to better understand species–habitat relationships and to establish conservation priorities. Large expanses of snow leopard habitat overlap

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