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Bruce Albrecht, Virendra Ghate, Johannes Mohrmann, Robert Wood, Paquita Zuidema, Christopher Bretherton, Christian Schwartz, Edwin Eloranta, Susanne Glienke, Shaunna Donaher, Mampi Sarkar, Jeremy McGibbon, Alison D. Nugent, Raymond A. Shaw, Jacob Fugal, Patrick Minnis, Robindra Paliknoda, Louis Lussier, Jorgen Jensen, J. Vivekanandan, Scott Ellis, Peisang Tsai, Robert Rilling, Julie Haggerty, Teresa Campos, Meghan Stell, Michael Reeves, Stuart Beaton, John Allison, Gregory Stossmeister, Samuel Hall, and Sebastian Schmidt

-eddy simulations in reproducing MAGIC observations across the northeast Pacific stratocumulus to cumulus transition region . J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst. , 9 , 810 – 831 , . 10.1002/2017MS000924 Mechoso , C. R. , and Coauthors , 2014 : Ocean–cloud–atmosphere–land interactions in the southeastern Pacific: The VOCALS program . Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. , 95 , 357 – 37 , . 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00246.1 Minnis , P. , and

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Bradley W. Klotz and David S. Nolan

discussion of the rationale for using these simulations and additional details are provided in appendix A . Figure 1 provides the tracks for the respective model simulations, with the bold portion of the track coinciding with the selection used for the SFMR OSSE, which will be discussed in a subsequent section. Because of the substantial interaction with land in HNR2, only the period when it is between Cuba and south Florida is used. Fig . 1. Storm tracks for the five TC simulations are shown. The

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Jenny V. Turton, Thomas Mölg, and Dirk Van As

of the persistence of the warm-air events, this impact must be further addressed in future work. Now that the current meteorological and climatological conditions have been established, we are a step closer to understanding the atmosphere-glacier relationship over 79N under current and future conditions. Acknowledgments This study was supported by the German Federal Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF) and forms part of the GROCE project (Greenland Ice Sheet/Ocean Interaction) (Grant 03F

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Robert Wood, Kuan-Ting O, Christopher S. Bretherton, Johannes Mohrmann, Bruce. A. Albrecht, Paquita Zuidema, Virendra Ghate, Chris Schwartz, Ed Eloranta, Susanne Glienke, Raymond A. Shaw, Jacob Fugal, and Patrick Minnis

the drizzle process. These results are broadly consistent with the Sandu and Stevens (2011) study, pointing to the need to understand what controls N d in the SCT. Several cases of spatial transitions from closed- to open-cellular convection over the southeastern Pacific Ocean were observed during the VAMOS Ocean–Cloud–Atmosphere–Land Study (VOCALS) Regional Experiment ( Terai et al. 2014 ) and showed that within regions of open cells, active Cu clouds that draw aerosol from the surface mixed

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Kuan-Ting O, Robert Wood, and Christopher S. Bretherton

, the background aerosol concentration in the surface mixed layer ranges from 200 cm −3 (CSET; see section 2c for details) to >400 cm −3 [VAMOS Ocean–Cloud–Atmosphere–Land Study (VOCALS); southeastern Pacific; see Allen et al. 2011 ). A recent model study ( Chen et al. 2016 ) suggested that the number concentration of activated droplet is approximately equal to the initial in the Sc regime. Here, we simply assumed that the typical initial activated (i.e., before first parcel cycling) in

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Mampi Sarkar, Paquita Zuidema, Bruce Albrecht, Virendra Ghate, Jorgen Jensen, Johannes Mohrmann, and Robert Wood

. Zuidema , P. Zhu , and H. Morrison , 2015 : The sensitivity of simulated shallow cumulus convection and cold pools to microphysics . J. Atmos. Sci. , 72 , 3340 – 3355 , . 10.1175/JAS-D-14-0099.1 Mechoso , C. R. , and Coauthors , 2014 : Ocean–cloud–atmosphere–land interactions in the southeastern Pacific . Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. , 95 , 357 – 375 , . 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00246.1 Minnis , P. , and

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