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Kyle Andrew Poyar and Nancy Beller-Simms

corresponding impacts on human and natural systems will continue to grow rapidly through this century ( Karl et al. 2009 ). Although GHG emissions are global in scale, the impacts of climate change will often be borne locally ( Environment Canada 1997 ). If current emissions trends continue, Hayhoe and Wuebbles (2008) project average annual temperatures in Chicago, Illinois, will rise by 7°–8°F and extreme heat days will jump from 2 to 30 per year by 2100. Without adaptation these effects could spur 1200

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David C. Eisenhauer

et al. 2019 ). To navigate such factors, researchers have called for designing and employing “boundary objects” within collaborations (i.e., Cash et al. 2006 ; Guston 2001 ; Kalafatis et al. 2019 ; Kirchhoff et al. 2013 ). Boundary objects are tools for facilitating cooperation in situations lacking consensus by bridging multiple social worlds and supporting collaboration between actors with divergent goals and worldviews ( Star 2010 ; Star and Griesemer 1989 ). However, there exists limited

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Maria Carmen Lemos, Christine J. Kirchhoff, Scott E. Kalafatis, Donald Scavia, and Richard B. Rood

, GLISA is providing customized climate information while other organizations help to further tailor the information, drawing on their understanding of stakeholders’ decision contexts to help improve information fit and interplay. Through the currently nascent networked chain approach, GLISA is playing a guiding role in cultivating relationships between partnering boundary organizations facing similar challenges. In all of these approaches, GLISA is seeking to increase the range of clients it can

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Julie Brugger and Michael Crimmins

gain insight into additional institutional characteristics that would support them, and to assess the CES’s potential to serve as a boundary organization to support local-level adaptation. a. Methodology The case study draws on literature on the history and current organization of the CES, as well as an organizational ethnography of UACE conducted in 2011. McNie (2007) has suggested that there is need for a better understanding of how the iterative relationships so crucial to the creation of

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Melanie M. Colavito, Sarah F. Trainor, Nathan P. Kettle, and Alison York

economics (see, e.g., Little et al. 2018 ; Rutherford and Schultz 2019 ). Social science research on the process of boundary spanning, such as this project, also informs AFSC activities and boundary spanning strategies. AFSC’s first coordinator and current subject matter experts come from fire management careers, and the current coordinator previously worked in science administration. This experience conveys the necessary legitimacy to build trust with the management community ( Pinkerton 2018 ). They

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David L. Feldman and Helen M. Ingram

knowledge networks connect people across disciplinary or occupational boundaries through various interactions. Knowledge networks, in turn, are related to—but distinct from—boundary organizations (see section 5 ). The latter play an intermediary role between different specializations and disciplines within a knowledge network by providing translation services between disciplines, mediating relations between information producers and users, and integrating user needs into producer activities. In the

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Scott E. Kalafatis, Julie C. Libarkin, Kyle Powys Whyte, and Chris Caldwell

most affected by climate change ( McNeeley 2017 ; Adger et al. 2014 ; Bennett et al. 2014 ). Indigenous testimonies and reports by diverse scientific organizations, from the IPCC to tribal governments, are converging on key factors for why indigenous peoples are, in many cases, negatively affected by climate change. The factors include how colonialism and other forms of political domination have rendered indigenous land bases less suitable for taking adaptive measures and how current laws and

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Manishka De Mel, William Solecki, Radley Horton, Ryan Bartlett, Abigail Hehmeyer, Shaun Martin, and Cynthia Rosenzweig

and types of knowledge would be most useful for these managers to overcome these barriers? 2. Background Climate change is already having a profound impact on global ecology and natural resources ( IPCC 2019a ; Díaz et al. 2019 ). Natural resource managers and policy makers have started to assess and respond to the current and emerging challenges and opportunities presented by climate change. The most significant changes include shifts in annual temperature, precipitation, annual and seasonal

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I. Gómez, S. Molina, J. Olcina, and J. J. Galiana-Merino

1. Introduction Evaluating people’s uses, perceptions, and interpretations of uncertainty in current weather forecasts across different contexts is important nowadays, as weather forecasts are extremely useful for a wide range of applications, for instance, in agriculture, energy, transport and tourism, and recreational sectors. These forecasts are based on numerical weather prediction (NWP) models that simulate the state and dynamics of the atmosphere. Therefore, weather forecasts are

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Rebecca Page and Lisa Dilling

sources 1) Current knowledge networks Managers primarily accessed information products directly from agency websites and portals, such as NRCS for snowpack data, USGS for streamflow data, and NOAA for temperature and precipitation forecasts. Only one manager regularly participated in university-based boundary activities such as the Western Water Assessment Climate Dashboard and the Colorado Climate Center Drought Early Warning System webinar; the other 13 interviewees were either vaguely familiar with

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