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Alison M. Meadow, Daniel B. Ferguson, Zack Guido, Alexandra Horangic, Gigi Owen, and Tamara Wall

stakeholder experiences. Finally, the committee created a boundary object—in this case a report—which was used as a formative tool to vet and debate scientific and other policy-relevant information as well as translate technical information to reach multiple audiences. By working at the intersection of several boundaries (science/policy and general public/policy makers), the committee was able to craft recommendations for a “worst-case” sea level projection that went beyond the then-current IPCC sea level

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Chie Sakakibara

bowhead whale is the foundational entity through which all elements of Arctic life are integrated—sea, land, animal, and human. Indeed, the bowhead remains central to Iñupiaq life and sustains traditional rituals and ceremonies ( Boeri 1983 ; Stoker and Krupnik 1993 ; Bodenhorn 2001 ; Brewster 2004 ; Hess 1999 ; Lowenstein 1992 , 1993 ; Turner 1990 , 1993 ; Sakakibara 2008 , 2009 , 2010 ; Zumwalt 1988 ). Fig . 1. Map of the North Slope Borough, Alaska (courtesy of J. Jelacic). Currently

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Shannon M. McNeeley

individuals or families within the tribes), and fee simple land (privately owned, often by nontribal members), making it very difficult for tribal environmental governance and management within the originally established reservation boundaries ( Ford and Giles 2015 ). This land ownership system is unique to Indian reservations in the United States, where many Native Americans themselves are not only landless, but also lack management authority of the resources on that land that were originally granted to

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Sandy Smith-Nonini

fabric of reality” (p. 4). While our societies are increasingly managed by experts and specialists, their license to solve problems is based on respecting disciplinary boundaries. Morin argues “we have thus come to scorn general ideas since, it is claimed such ideas are ‘built in the air’ or lack proof.” Meadows (2008) viewed boundaries between systems (including academic fields) as having high diversity and argued that they should be considered permeable or temporal, depending on the questions

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Mimi Stith, Alessandra Giannini, John del Corral, Susana Adamo, and Alex de Sherbinin

institutional responses to late-twentieth-century drought The Sahel reached its current prominence in the study of human–environment interactions because of the well-documented environmental crisis that occurred with the abrupt onset and persistence of multiyear drought in the late 1960s ( Glantz 1977 ). Persistent drought led to widespread food insecurity into the 1970s and 1980s, with acute episodes during 1968–73 and 1982–84 causing significant human loss. The climatic shift from wet conditions in the

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Valeria Hernandez, Vincent Moron, Florencia Fossa Riglos, and Eugenia Muzi

international and national markets (e.g., milk, meat). Finally, noncapitalized farmers (21% of the sample in Junín and 38% in San Justo) organize their production exclusively on their own lands since the current increase in land rental prices excludes them from the real estate market. Most of the properties are smaller than 200 ha. These farmers may or may not hire third-party services—agriculture machinery is usually too expensive to purchase, so they manage old or refurbished mechanical equipment

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