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Ryu Saiki and Humio Mitsudera

from a homogeneous background field. In reality, the wind has various structures associated with the atmospheric boundary layer. The perturbation in the wind stress can force the organization of sea ice patterns. For example, streaky surface winds with roll-like cells, such as those in Fig. 1 visualized by clouds, may cause an ice-band pattern by the convergence/divergence of the Ekman drift of sea ice. In this case, however, the long axis of the band should be parallel along the downwind

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Hyodae Seo, Arthur J. Miller, and Joel R. Norris

results. Nevertheless, the eddies in the CCS are known to have well-defined spatiotemporal scales (e.g., Kurian et al. 2011 ), so that eddies defined in either way are expected to be equivalent. d. Experiment details Prior to the coupled integration, ROMS is spun up for 20 yr with the climatological surface forcing of wind stress, heat, and freshwater flux derived from the Comprehensive Ocean–Atmosphere Dataset ( da Silva et al. 1994 ) and the climatological lateral boundary condition from the Simple

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Peter Gaube, Dudley B. Chelton, Roger M. Samelson, Michael G. Schlax, and Larry W. O’Neill

( Frenger et al. 2013 ). An objective of this study is to show that the well-documented linear relationship between SST and wind speed perturbations in SST frontal regions also occurs over the interiors of midlatitude mesoscale eddies. Numerous modeling studies have shown that there is a significant reduction of the amplitude and kinetic energy of eddies when the effects of surface currents on the surface stress are accounted for in the surface stress forcing. Eden and Dietze (2009) reported a 50

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