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Joël Arnault, Thomas Rummler, Florian Baur, Sebastian Lerch, Sven Wagner, Benjamin Fersch, Zhenyu Zhang, Noah Kerandi, Christian Keil, and Harald Kunstmann

1. Introduction Numerical atmospheric models generally consider terrestrial hydrological processes as only being vertical, in order to estimate the surface heat fluxes for constraining the atmospheric lower boundary condition. This is, for example, the case for the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model ( Skamarock and Klemp 2008 ) coupled with the Noah land surface model (LSM; Chen and Dudhia 2001 ). In this approach, the lateral redistribution of soil moisture according to the

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Thomas Engel, Andreas H. Fink, Peter Knippertz, Gregor Pante, and Jan Bliefernicht

precipitation events is based on 6-hourly data of temperature, wind, and humidity from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) interim reanalysis (ERA-Interim, hereafter ERA-I; Dee et al. 2011 ). ERA-I covers the time period from 1979 to present with a horizontal resolution of 0.75° × 0.75° latitude–longitude and 60 vertical levels up to 0.1 hPa. The events will be assessed with regard to their anomalous total precipitable water (TPW) content with respect to the 1979–2014 period

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