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Christopher G. Kruse, M. Joan Alexander, Lars Hoffmann, Annelize van Niekerk, Inna Polichtchouk, Julio T. Bacmeister, Laura Holt, Riwal Plougonven, Petr Šácha, Corwin Wright, Kaoru Sato, Ryosuke Shibuya, Sonja Gisinger, Manfred Ern, Catrin I. Meyer, and Olaf Stein

field campaigns, radiosondes, commercial aircraft). These limitations prevent use of these data to constrain wave properties and the inevitable tuning parameters within MWD parameterizations used by global weather prediction and climate models. Noteworthy possible exceptions are datasets collected by satellite-borne nadir and limb infrared radiometers, which can be sensitive to the temperature perturbations caused by MWs. Recent efforts (e.g., Alexander et al. 2009 ; Ern et al. 2017 ; Hindley et

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Victor C. Mayta and Ángel F. Adames

used winds, temperature, and specific humidity from radiosonde data at T3 (3.2°S, 60.6°W). Important supplementary products including apparent heating ( Q 1 ), apparent drying ( Q 2 ), and large-scale vertical motion ( ω ), were obtained from variational analysis ( Tang et al. 2016 ), which are available to the community at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program archive ( https://iop.archive.arm.gov/arm-iop/0eval-data/xie/scm-forcing/iop_at_mao/GOAMAZON/2014-2015/ ). Twice

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Markus Rapp, Bernd Kaifler, Andreas Dörnbrack, Sonja Gisinger, Tyler Mixa, Robert Reichert, Natalie Kaifler, Stefanie Knobloch, Ramona Eckert, Norman Wildmann, Andreas Giez, Lukas Krasauskas, Peter Preusse, Markus Geldenhuys, Martin Riese, Wolfgang Woiwode, Felix Friedl-Vallon, Björn-Martin Sinnhuber, Alejandro de la Torre, Peter Alexander, Jose Luis Hormaechea, Diego Janches, Markus Garhammer, Jorge L. Chau, J. Federico Conte, Peter Hoor, and Andreas Engel

( Friedl-Vallon et al. 2014 ; Riese et al. 2014 ). For this purpose, GLORIA combines a Michelson interferometer with a 2D infrared detector and measures molecular thermal emissions in the spectral range between 780 and 1,400 cm −1 (7.1–12.8 μ m). GLORIA is mounted in the belly pod. Its line of sight aims toward the horizon on the right side of the aircraft and measures infrared radiation emitted by molecules in the atmosphere. The horizontal observation angle is varied from 45° to 135° with respect

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Benedikt Ehard, Peggy Achtert, Andreas Dörnbrack, Sonja Gisinger, Jörg Gumbel, Mikhail Khaplanov, Markus Rapp, and Johannes Wagner

.1002/2014JD021460 . Chen , F. , and J. Dudhia , 2001 : Coupling an advanced land surface–hydrology model with the Penn State–NCAR MM5 modeling system. Part I: Model implementation and sensitivity . Mon. Wea. Rev. , 129 , 569 – 585 , doi: 10.1175/1520-0493(2001)129<0569:CAALSH>2.0.CO;2 . Chou , M. , and M. Suarez , 1994 : An efficient thermal infrared radiation parameterization for use in general circulation models. NASA Tech. Memo.104606, 85 pp . Davis , C. , and Coauthors , 2008

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