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  • Human Impact on Climate Extremes for Water Resources Infrastructure Design, Operations, and Risk Management x
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Alfred J. Kalyanapu, A. K. M. Azad Hossain, Jinwoo Kim, Wondmagegn Yigzaw, Faisal Hossain, and C. K. Shum

et al. 2011 ; Hossain et al. 2012 ) points to the effects of large dams on changing the extreme precipitation patterns such as probable maximum precipitation (PMP). The probable maximum flood (PMF), which is an important factor for hydraulic design of dams, is dependent on PMP and the hydrology of the watershed. A key driver for modification of PMP and PMF during the postdam phase is the land-use/land-cover (LULC) change patterns that are both sensitive to mesoscale weather and surface

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Wondmagegn Yigzaw, Faisal Hossain, and Alfred Kalyanapu

immediate and can be treated as “tactical.” There is a more gradual response, akin to climatic change, that can also be a response of water cycle to land cover changes. Such a change can be called “strategic” and is described through the following example. Presence of a dam (here used interchangeably with artificial reservoirs) can facilitate urbanization both on the upstream and downstream side. Construction of dams is still one of the socioeconomic solutions that are adapted by most developing

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Jinyang Du and Qiang Liu

carrying out the quantitative analysis on the land surface changes for the TGD region. There have been several spaceborne microwave radiometers launched in the past decades that were designed to monitor the terrestrial water cycles. Among them, the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer for the Earth Observing System (AMSR-E) projects of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) on board the Aqua satellite has been widely used for the

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Tim Bardsley, Andrew Wood, Mike Hobbins, Tracie Kirkham, Laura Briefer, Jeff Niermeyer, and Steven Burian

significant challenges to municipal water managers in the region, who already face pressures from population growth and land-use change. The Intermountain West is particularly vulnerable to climate-induced hydrologic impacts because of its dependence on the accumulation and storage of snow in mountain watersheds, which serves as a massive natural reservoir. Across the region, the percentage of total annual runoff generated by snowmelt from April to July generally ranges from 50% to 80% ( Serreze et al

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M. Sekhar, M. Shindekar, Sat K. Tomer, and P. Goswami

groundwater resource for meeting irrigation ( van der Gun 2012 ) and more so of water resource needs of urban/rural water utilities. Furthermore, in certain situations the impact of human activities (e.g., land-use/land-cover changes, urbanization) are found to be much stronger than the climate variability ( Scanlon et al. 2007 ) itself, and hence there is a need to characterize the coupled effects of human activities and climate change on the groundwater system for developing sustainable groundwater

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Brandon L. Parkes, Hannah L. Cloke, Florian Pappenberger, Jeff Neal, and David Demeritt

1. Introduction With the shift to more risk-based approaches to managing flooding, flood hazard maps and simulation models have assumed new prominence as instruments for informing policy decisions about the regulation of land use and spatial planning, pricing and availability of flood insurance, and the allocation of resources for flood defense schemes. With so much at stake in those decisions, it is important to reduce the uncertainties associated with scientific assessments of flood risk and

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