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  • Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM): Science and Applications x
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Stephen E. Lang and Wei-Kuo Tao

pairs of rain-normalized convective and stratiform diabatic heating profiles [i.e., Q 1 or the apparent heat source; Yanai et al. (1973) ], one pair for land and one for ocean, obtained from composites of both GCE model ( Tao and Simpson 1993 ) simulations and sounding budget calculations; a single additional pair was later added for shallow heating. Using surface rainfall rates and the proportion of stratiform rain, cloud heating profiles could then be retrieved remotely from satellite or other

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Andrea Camplani, Daniele Casella, Paolo Sanò, and Giulia Panegrossi

available only over CONUS, all the results based on this dataset are valid at a regional scale. While all sun synchronous GMI orbits over CONUS have been considered, only ATMS ascending orbits (between 0600 and 1300 UTC), closest in time to the SNODAS reference time (0600 UTC), have been selected. The dataset has been built following the same procedures used for the development and validation datasets, obtaining a snow-cover occurrence index, a land fraction index (since SNODAS provides information only

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Clément Guilloteau and Efi Foufoula-Georgiou

profiles associated with collocated GMI radiometric measurements. The first database contains only profiles over vegetated land surfaces, excluding, in particular, coastal areas and snow-covered areas. For this, we rely on the surface type classification used in the current operational implementation (V05) of the GPROF algorithm ( Aires et al. 2011 ). The vegetated surface classes account for 70% of all land surfaces at the latitudes covered by the GPM Core Observatory . The second database contains

Open access