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  • Air–Sea Interactions from the Diurnal to the Intraseasonal during the PISTON, MISOBOB, and CAMP2Ex Observational Campaigns in the Tropics x
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Patrick Orenstein, Baylor Fox-Kemper, Leah Johnson, Qing Li, and Aakash Sane

coupled model. The bay is particularly important as MISOs form in the Indian Ocean to the south and move northward, and previous studies have found a zone of peak variation to be centered on the bay ( Goswami et al. 2003 ; Goswami and Xavier 2003 ; Sengupta et al. 2001 ). The Community Earth System Model, version 1.2 (CESM1.2: Hurrell et al. 2013 ) is a global coupled modeling system. The particular variants being used for this study use the standard atmosphere, sea ice, and land components, but

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Wei-Ting Chen, Chien-Ming Wu, and Hsi-Yen Ma

.S. Department of Energy Cloud Associated Parameterizations Testbed (CAPT) following Ma et al. (2013 , 2014 , 2015 ). The CAPT hindcasts analyzed in this study were carried out using the CAM5 (version cesm1_0_5) with finite-volume dynamical core, a horizontal resolution of 0.9° × 1.25° (latitude by longitude), 30 vertical levels, prescribed SST, and the Community Land Model, version 4.0 (CLM4). The physics package pertinent to the hindcast simulations consist of the deep convection scheme ( Zhang and

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Corinne B. Trott, Bulusu Subrahmanyam, Heather L. Roman-Stork, V. S. N. Murty, and C. Gnanaseelan

. 2016 ). NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory provides daily SMAP SSS data starting 1 April 2015, interpolated using the 8-day running mean. We use the most recent SMAP version 4.0, which accounts for galaxy and land contamination corrections and reduced brightness temperature biases ( Fore et al. 2016 ). Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) data used in this study are the most up-to-date debiased SMOS SSS level 3 data generated by the Ocean Salinity Center of Expertise at the Centre Aval de

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Wei-Ting Chen, Shih-Pei Hsu, Yuan-Huai Tsai, and Chung-Hsiung Sui

TC genesis to take place. Tropical waves can also interact with the prominent diurnal variability over the MC and SCS. In MJO events, the mean and diurnal amplitude of land precipitations over the MC are enhanced 6 days ahead of the MJO convection envelope, while the precipitation over the coastal ocean is largely suppressed ( Peatman et al. 2014 ; Birch et al. 2016 ; Hung and Sui 2018 ). Baranowski et al. (2016b) tracked the KW events passing MC using satellite observations to identify the

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