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Alfred J. Kalyanapu, A. K. M. Azad Hossain, Jinwoo Kim, Wondmagegn Yigzaw, Faisal Hossain, and C. K. Shum

hydrologic processes. Thus, the very existence of dam could potentially modify the design and operation components that were conceived during the predam phase. This is because future patterns of extreme weather are expected to be different from the past records that were used for the design/operation of dams and for the consequential flood risk assessment of the downstream infrastructure ( Hossain et al. 2013 ). Generally, the vulnerability assessments performed to study effects of anthropogenic climate

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G. T. Aronica and B. Bonaccorso

1. Introduction In recent years, an increasing attention has been paid to hydropower generation, since it is a renewable, efficient, and reliable source of energy, as well as an asset to reduce the atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases resulting from human activities. At the same time, however, hydropower is among the most vulnerable industries to global warming, because water resources are closely linked to climate changes. Indeed, the effects of climate change on water availability

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M. Sekhar, M. Shindekar, Sat K. Tomer, and P. Goswami

groundwater resource for meeting irrigation ( van der Gun 2012 ) and more so of water resource needs of urban/rural water utilities. Furthermore, in certain situations the impact of human activities (e.g., land-use/land-cover changes, urbanization) are found to be much stronger than the climate variability ( Scanlon et al. 2007 ) itself, and hence there is a need to characterize the coupled effects of human activities and climate change on the groundwater system for developing sustainable groundwater

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Mohammad Karamouz, Erfan Goharian, and Sara Nazif

1. Introduction The atmosphere has warmed in recent decades because of the increase in anthropogenic greenhouse gas concentrations ( Alley et al. 2007 ). It is expected that global average surface air warming will continue during the twenty-first century and the frequency of hot extremes, heat waves, and heavy precipitation events will continuously increase. The response of the global climate system to increasing greenhouse gas concentrations is simulated with the general circulation models

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