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  • Author or Editor: Gerrit de Leeuw x
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Ira Leifer
,
Gerrit de Leeuw
, and
Leo H. Cohen

Abstract

Affordable high quality charge-coupled device (CCD) video cameras and image processing software are powerful tools for bubble measurements. Because of the wide variation between bubble populations, different bubble measurement systems (BMSs) are required depending upon the application. Two BMSs are described: a mini-BMS designed to observe the background bubble population from breaking waves, and a large-BMS designed to noninvasively determine the time-resolved bubble distribution inside dense bubble plumes and near the interface, as are details of the analysis techniques. Using the two systems in conjunction with each other allowed size distributions over the range 15–5000-μm radius to be obtained.

The BMSs were designed for application to breaking-wave bubble plumes in the field or laboratory. Distributions measured by both BMSs in aerator-generated plumes agreed very well for the overlapping size range. Also presented are observations of bubble plumes produced by breaking waves in a large wind-wave flume, and calibration experiments showing the effect on measured bubble size due to blur induced by slow shutter speeds.

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Martin K. Hill
,
Barbara J. Brooks
,
Sarah J. Norris
,
Michael H. Smith
,
Ian M. Brooks
, and
Gerrit de Leeuw

Abstract

The Compact Lightweight Aerosol Spectrometer Probe (CLASP) is an optical particle spectrometer capable of measuring size-resolved particle concentrations in 16 user-defined size bins spanning diameters in the range 0.24 < D < 18.5 μm at a rate of 10 Hz. The combination of its compact nature and lightweight and robust build allows for deployment in environments and locations where the use of the larger, heavier, more traditional instrumentation would prove awkward or impossible. The high temporal resolution means it is particularly suited to direct measurements of aerosol fluxes via the eddy covariance technique. CLASP has been through an extended evolutionary development. This has resulted in an instrument whose performance characteristics are well established.

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