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Guoxiong Wu
,
Xiuji Zhou
,
Xiangde Xu
,
Jianping Huang
,
Anmin Duan
,
Song Yang
,
Wenting Hu
,
Yaoming Ma
,
Yimin Liu
,
Jianchun Bian
,
Yunfei Fu
,
Haijun Yang
,
Ping Zhao
,
Lei Zhong
, and
Weiqiang Ma

Abstract

The unique characteristics of land–air coupling and troposphere–stratosphere interaction over the Tibetan Plateau (TP), the highest landform in the world, play a vital role in weather and climate on regional and global scales. Although a great deal of research has been carried out, large gaps remain in our understanding of TP land–air coupling and its climate effects, due to a lack of observations and the issue of model biases. To address these obstacles, a 10-yr national research program entitled “Changes in the Land–Air Coupled System over the Tibetan Plateau and its Impacts on Global Climate (LASTPIC)” was launched by the National Natural Science Foundation of China in January 2014. What LASTPIC does revolves around three aspects: TP land–air coupled processes; TP’s influence on global climate; and reanalysis and model. This paper mainly focuses on the data collection, scientific understanding, and model development of LASTPIC in terms of TP land–atmosphere–ocean coupling and its global climate impacts since program’s inception.

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