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Bianca Adler, Olga Kiseleva, Norbert Kalthoff, and Andreas Wieser

correlated), and the spectral peak wavelength λ m (as the size of the eddies with the most energy). Reliable measurement of these parameters is crucial for the understanding of the CBL structure and evolution. Variance profiles can be derived from aircraft observations using spatial averages (e.g., Lenschow and Stephens 1980 ; Lenschow 1986 ; Young 1988 ; Grunwald et al. 1998 ) and from tower or wind lidar measurements using temporal averages (e.g., Neff 1990 ; Grund et al. 2001 ; Emeis 2011

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A. Protat, J. Delanoë, E. J. O’Connor, and T. S. L’Ecuyer

troposphere and preferential regions of high cloud occurrence, tropical ice clouds are of particular importance, owing to their extensive horizontal and vertical coverage and long lifetime (e.g., Sassen et al. 2008 ). Because of difficulties in estimating the large-scale radiative effect of these clouds, even the sign of the net radiative effect of these tropical ice clouds remains uncertain. Recent cloud radar and lidar observations collected on a global scale as part of the A-train mission ( Stephens

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Philip T. Bergmaier, Bart Geerts, Zhien Wang, Bo Liu, and Patrick C. Campbell

, hereafter referred to as Part I ), using operational observations and a Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRF) simulation with inner domain resolution of 1 km. This paper (Part II) examines airborne Raman lidar and flight-level data obtained across the same dryline by the University of Wyoming King Air (UWKA) research aircraft. This dryline developed under “synoptically active” conditions, whereby the development, intensity, and motion of the dryline are heavily influenced by the synoptic

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Jonathan M. Wilkinson, Robin J. Hogan, Anthony J. Illingworth, and Angela Benedetti

) , they deduced that the ECMWF model was capable of representing low clouds quite well but often produced too much high cloud, particularly evident from long (48 h) forecasts. Model skill scores also decreased with increasing forecast length. However, one must be very careful when comparing observations made by lidar instruments directly to clouds as there will be a loss of signal power (attenuation) as the beam passes through clouds, and often there will be a total extinction of the signal in liquid

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B. M. Morley, E. E. Uthe, and W. Viezee

268 JOURNAL OF APPLIED METEOROLOGY VOLUM-29NOTES AND CORRESPONDENCEAirborne Lidar Observations during AGASP-2B. M. MORLEY, E. E. UTHE AND W. VlEZEESRI International, Menlo Park, California23 May 1989 and 23 September 1989 ABSTRACT Sample observations of the lower troposphere made by airborne lidar during the Arctic Gas and AerosolSampling Program-2 (AGASP-2) are shown for the area of

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Nobuo Sugimoto, Tomoaki Nishizawa, Xingang Liu, Ichiro Matsui, Atsushi Shimizu, Yuanhang Zhang, Young J. Kim, Ruhao Li, and Jun Liu

://www.arl.noaa.gov/HYSPLIT.php ; Draxler and Hess 2004 ). 2. Observations and data analysis methods The lidar was installed on the top of the Guangdong Environmental Protection Bureau building (23.134°N, 113.264°E, 50 m above sea level). The lidar instrument is similar to that reported in our previous papers ( Sugimoto et al. 2002 , 2006 ). It has three channels and measures the backscattering at 1064 and 532 nm and the depolarization at 532 nm. The depolarization ratio, which is a parameter sensitive to nonsphericity of the

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M. Weissmann, R. Busen, A. Dörnbrack, S. Rahm, and O. Reitebuch

deployed adaptively during A-TreC, including dropsondes launched from research aircrafts, Aircraft Meteorological Data Reporting (AMDAR), Automated Shipboard Aerological Program (ASAP), radiosondes, drifting buoys, and satellite rapid-scan winds. In addition to these sensors, an airborne Doppler lidar system was deployed for targeted observations for the first time. The intention was to test the capability of Doppler lidars to sample sensitive areas. For this purpose, a 2- μ m scanning Doppler lidar

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Piotr A. Lewandowski, William E. Eichinger, Anton Kruger, and Witold F. Krajewski

resolve such small spatial scales. 5. Conclusions Our results demonstrate that lidar can provide not only qualitative observations but also quantitative estimates of rainfall. We found a theoretical formula relating rainfall intensities with extinction estimates. The parameters of the extinction–rainfall dependence were determined through a fitting procedure. The resulting estimates from both independent instruments lead to good agreement of rain quantities. Limiting the use of the lidar to horizontal

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K. E. Kunkel, E. W. Eloranta, and S. T. Shipley

1306 JOURNAL OF APPLIED METEOROLOGY Vot, uMgl6Lidar Observations of the Convective Boundary LayerK. E. KUNKEL, E. W. ELORANTA AND S. T. SmVLE-Dep~rtnten~ of Meteorology, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706(Manuscript received 16 May 1977, in revised form 20 September 1977) ABSTRACT A scanning lldar system has been used to observe convection in the atmospheric boundary layer

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Ricardo C. Muñoz and Angella A. Undurraga

stability of the basin air mass have in the MHs derived from the lidar ceilometer. 1) Conceptual model and indices As the most simple framework in which we can analyze our observations of ML over the Santiago Basin, we consider the encroachment or thermodynamic model of convective boundary layer growth ( Stull 1988 , p. 454). In this case the growth of a CBL is estimated by a simple energy balance in which the only heat source of the CBL is the sensible heat flux at the surface. The integral of this

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