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Abram R. Jacobson, William Boeck, and Christopher Jeffery

: Numerical Recipes in C . ++. Cambridge University Press, 1032 pp . Prigent , C. , J. R. Pardo , M. I. Mishchenko , and W. B. Rossow , 2001 : Microwave polarized signatures generated within cloud systems: Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/I) observations interpreted with radiative transfer simulations. J. Geophys. Res. , 106 , 28243 – 28258 . Coauthors , 1999 : A distinct class of isolated intracloud lightning discharges and their associated radio emissions. J. Geophys. Res

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John D. Frye and Thomas L. Mote

, 1673 – 1688 . Bindlish , R. , T. J. Jackson , E. Wood , H. Gao , P. Starks , D. Bosch , and V. Lakshmi , 2003 : Soil moisture estimates from TRMM microwave imager observations over the southern United States. Remote

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Grant W. Petty and Douglas K. Miller

1904 MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW VOLUME 123NOTES AND CORRESPONDENCESatellite Microwave Observations of Precipitation Correlated withIntensification Rate in Extratropical Oceanic Cyclones GRANT W. PETTY AND DOUGLAS K. MILLERDepartment of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, lndiana20 July 1994 and 15 December 1994ABSTRACT Precipitation parameters derived from 31 SSM

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Yanqiu Zhu, Emily Liu, Rahul Mahajan, Catherine Thomas, David Groff, Paul Van Delst, Andrew Collard, Daryl Kleist, Russ Treadon, and John C. Derber

regions. In the early studies, cloudy radiance data were usually preprocessed through a one-dimensional variational data assimilation (1DVAR) scheme to retrieve atmospheric properties before these radiances were assimilated into a data assimilation system. For example, in the assimilation of cloud- and precipitation-affected Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/I) radiance observations, the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) derived total column water vapor (TCWV) from the 1

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Daniel S. Harnos and Stephen W. Nesbitt

numerous prior studies that show stratiform precipitation having typical a 20-dB Z height of 5–8 km within TCs (e.g., Black et al. 1994 , 1996 , 2002 ; Hence and Houze 2011 ; Didlake and Houze 2013 ). Thus, we seek to clarify the roles of cloud and precipitation within the TC inner-core using passive microwave observations and process-based radiative transfer modeling. This article seeks to do the following: provide an overview of cloud and physical process influences on PM s, investigate the

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Jonathan Zawislak

coverage was far exceeded by the other precipitation types they defined. Although it does not extend over the entire troposphere, they surmise that cumulus congestus favors a transition to deep convection as midlevel congestus clouds moisten the midtroposphere through detrainment ( Wang 2014 ). The present study will complement Fritz et al. (2016) by extending the multiyear analysis to proxies from passive microwave (PMW) satellite data, and it will go further by comparing precipitation properties of

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Michael S. Fischer, Brian H. Tang, Kristen L. Corbosiero, and Christopher M. Rozoff

:// . 10.1175/WAF-D-15-0032.1 Kieper , M. E. , and H. Jiang , 2012 : Predicting tropical cyclone rapid intensification using the 37 GHz ring pattern identified from passive microwave measurements . Geophys. Res. Lett. , 39 , L13804 , . 10.1029/2012GL052115 Knapp , K. R. , and Coauthors , 2011 : Globally gridded satellite observations for climate studies . Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. , 92 , 893 – 907 ,

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Kenneth D. Leppert II and Daniel J. Cecil

1. Introduction Previous work (e.g., Gray and Jacobson 1977 ; Yang and Slingo 2001 ; Nesbitt and Zipser 2003 ; Bowman et al. 2005 ) has shown a consistent diurnal cycle in rainfall and/or deep convection over tropical oceanic regions with a maximum in the morning. In particular, Bowman et al. (2005) used data from rain gauges on buoys and the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Microwave Imager (TMI) and Precipitation Radar (PR) to better understand the characteristics of the

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George R. Alvey III, Jonathan Zawislak, and Edward Zipser

-oriented quadrant-based analyses. In particular, more in situ and remote sensing observations (airborne radar) are needed in the early stages of intensification, when intense convection is often more transient, to help fill the gaps between passive microwave overpasses. Observations during these preintensification periods could help give a better understanding of convective bursts and their transition to symmetry often seen during rapid intensification. Acknowledgments The authors thank Dan Cecil and an

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Gerald M. Heymsfield and Richard Fulton

NOVEMBER 1994 NOTES AND CORRESPONDENCE 2587NOTES AND CORRESPONDENCEPassive Microwave Structure of Severe Tornadic Storms on 16 November 1987GERALD M. HEYMSFIELD AND RICHARD FULTON* +Laboratory for Atmospheres, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland29 September 1993 and 25 March 1994ABSTRACT Passive microwave observations using the Special Sensor Microwave/lmager are

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