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Vladimir Janković and David M. Schultz

of research and policies aimed to “alleviate known causes of people’s vulnerability to harm, to pay attention to the distribution of risks and benefits, and to reflect on social factors that promote or discourage learning” ( Jasanoff 2007 ). In addition to mitigation, a comprehensive climate policy would require adopting adaptation strategies, not simply because of the now inevitable effects of the anthropogenic forcing, but also because of the growing risks of declining baselines of resilience

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Lawrence C. Hamilton and Mary D. Stampone

climate. Even education and science literacy have divergent effects, depending on politics ( Hamilton 2008 , 2011b , 2012 ; Hamilton et al. 2012 ; Kahan et al. 2011a , b ; McCright 2011 ; McCright and Dunlap 2011 ). Among self-identified Democrats or liberals, higher education and science literacy are associated with greater concern regarding anthropogenic climate change. Among Republicans or conservatives, education and science literacy have weak or even negative effects. Among unaligned

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K. Kvale, K. Zickfeld, T. Bruckner, K. J. Meissner, K. Tanaka, and A. J. Weaver

1. Introduction As the body of knowledge grows regarding the possible worsening effects of an increasingly altered climate state, so too do concerns over how to avoid the most drastic outcomes. Intergovernmental collaboration on this topic was proclaimed by Article 2 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which calls for the avoidance of “dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system” ( UNFCCC 1992 ). Clearly any definition of “dangerous

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Christopher P. Borick and Barry G. Rabe

) , and McCright (2011) all provide evidence that the effects of education on one’s views regarding global warming are significantly modified by their partisan affiliation and/or ideological leanings. Most recently, Hamilton and Stampone (2013) find that temperatures on the day of and day before an interview predict beliefs regarding anthropogenic climate change, but are concentrated primarily among individuals who are not affiliated with a political party. This is where our research enters into

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Francis T. Hane

In their recent report, Coffel and Horton ( Coffel and Horton 2015 ) present calculations supporting their hypothesis that temperature changes caused by anthropogenic global warming (AGW) may result in aircraft weight restrictions for takeoffs at certain airports. I have recalculated the performance data the authors rely on referencing the Boeing 737–800 Flight Operations Manual (FOM) ( Boeing 2013a ). The FOM is the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) certified document relied on by airline

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José L. Hernández, Syewoon Hwang, Francisco Escobedo, April H. Davis, and James W. Jones

better understand their interconnection. These investigations acknowledged the importance of considering anthropogenic land cover change when studying climate trends. This study consisted of two complementary parts addressing key questions about the factors driving landscape conversion in central Florida during recent decades and its hypothetical effect on climatic conditions. The first part ( section 2 ) investigates observed LUCs in and around the Southwest Florida Water Management District (SWFWMD

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Shannon Osaka, James Painter, Peter Walton, and Abby Halperin

anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions ( Allen 2003 ). In recent years, scientists and other organizations have joined forces to perform attribution studies more quickly, often while the extreme event is still in the news cycle ( Cullen 2016 ; Haustein et al. 2016 ). EEA has the potential to help bridge the temporal and spatial gap of climate change, but while more and more studies are being performed in the natural sciences, it remains only occasionally studied in the social sciences (notable exceptions

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Joanna Endter-Wada, Theresa Selfa, and Lisa W. Welsh

are brought to bear on solving problems of water scarcity. These ways of knowing are not just predictive, but reflective too, and can be understood as “sense-making” ( Schneider and Ingram 2007 , p. 4). People in the Bear River Basin responded to the climatologic and hydrologic effects of the 2004 drought with knowledge, experience, and acumen developed during previous droughts and a law of the river built around what they had learned about water and about each other. Their interactions in

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Peter H. Gleick

significantly drier winters during 1971–2010 than the comparison period of 1902–2010 ( Hoerling et al. 2012 ). Saleeby (2012) , writing in Jadaliyya , a magazine from the Arab Studies Institute, further tied together the economic and environmental conditions and the subsequent political unrest. She argued that “the regime’s failure to put in place economic measures to alleviate the effects of drought was a critical driver in propelling such massive mobilizations of dissent.” Saleeby (2012) notes that the

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Paul Butke and Scott C. Sheridan

distribution of people within a city changes from weekend to weekday, the potential interaction between weather and changing levels of human interaction could manifest itself in certain areas of the city, showing more significant effects of weather on crime than other areas. 2. Background Four main theories on violent crime can be applied to the relationship between heat and violence. The Negative Affect Escape Model ( Baron 1972 ; Baron and Bell 1976 ; Bell and Baron 1976 ) concluded that negative

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