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Leo J. Donner, Bruce L. Wyman, Richard S. Hemler, Larry W. Horowitz, Yi Ming, Ming Zhao, Jean-Christophe Golaz, Paul Ginoux, S.-J. Lin, M. Daniel Schwarzkopf, John Austin, Ghassan Alaka, William F. Cooke, Thomas L. Delworth, Stuart M. Freidenreich, C. T. Gordon, Stephen M. Griffies, Isaac M. Held, William J. Hurlin, Stephen A. Klein, Thomas R. Knutson, Amy R. Langenhorst, Hyun-Chul Lee, Yanluan Lin, Brian I. Magi, Sergey L. Malyshev, P. C. D. Milly, Vaishali Naik, Mary J. Nath, Robert Pincus, Jeffrey J. Ploshay, V. Ramaswamy, Charles J. Seman, Elena Shevliakova, Joseph J. Sirutis, William F. Stern, Ronald J. Stouffer, R. John Wilson, Michael Winton, Andrew T. Wittenberg, and Fanrong Zeng

necessary for future research on phenomena such as the Southern Hemisphere annular mode, which likely plays a role in interannual variability important for decadal prediction ( Thompson and Solomon 2006 ). Section 2 describes the AM3 dynamical core. Section 3 presents its physical parameterizations, while appendix A presents brief summaries of the land, ocean, and sea ice models used with AM3 in CM3. Section 4 illustrates basic simulation characteristics of AM3 with prescribed sea surface

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John Austin, Larry W. Horowitz, M. Daniel Schwarzkopf, R. John Wilson, and Hiram Levy II

models are unable to represent properly the impact of stratospheric changes on the troposphere. These changes have been better understood in the last decade using observational and theoretical studies (e.g., Baldwin and Dunkerton 2001 ; Thompson and Solomon 2002 ; Perlwitz et al. 2008 ; Son et al. 2009 ). In particular, three of the aforementioned studies have pointed out the significance of the Antarctic ozone hole for tropospheric climate. Thus, a proper treatment of stratospheric influences

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Stephen M. Griffies, Michael Winton, Leo J. Donner, Larry W. Horowitz, Stephanie M. Downes, Riccardo Farneti, Anand Gnanadesikan, William J. Hurlin, Hyun-Chul Lee, Zhi Liang, Jaime B. Palter, Bonita L. Samuels, Andrew T. Wittenberg, Bruce L. Wyman, Jianjun Yin, and Niki Zadeh

. Vinnikov , 2003 : 30-year satellite record reveals conrasting Arctic and Antarctic decadal variability . Geophys. Res. Lett. , 30 , 1970 , doi:10.1029/2003GL018031 . Cunningham , S. , S. Alderson , B. King , and M. Brandon , 2003 : Transport and variability of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current in Drake Passage . J. Geophys. Res. , 108 , 8084 , doi:10.1029/2001JC001147 . Delworth , T. L. , and Coauthors , 2006 : GFDL’s CM2 global coupled climate models. Part I: Formulation and

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