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G. Vaughan, J. Methven, D. Anderson, B. Antonescu, L. Baker, T. P. Baker, S. P. Ballard, K. N. Bower, P. R. A. Brown, J. Chagnon, T. W. Choularton, J. Chylik, P. J. Connolly, P. A. Cook, R. J. Cotton, J. Crosier, C. Dearden, J. R. Dorsey, T. H. A. Frame, M. W. Gallagher, M. Goodliff, S. L. Gray, B. J. Harvey, P. Knippertz, H. W. Lean, D. Li, G. Lloyd, O. Martínez–Alvarado, J. Nicol, J. Norris, E. Öström, J. Owen, D. J. Parker, R. S. Plant, I. A. Renfrew, N. M. Roberts, P. Rosenberg, A. C. Rudd, D. M. Schultz, J. P. Taylor, T. Trzeciak, R. Tubbs, A. K. Vance, P. J. van Leeuwen, A. Wellpott, and A. Woolley

The combination of new aircraft measurements and high-resolution modeling reveal finescale wind structure in an intense extratropical windstorm. Extratropical cyclones approaching western Europe along the North Atlantic storm track are a major cause of damaging winds and heavy precipitation. A particular problem in forecasting these cyclones is that the highest-impact weather within them arises from mesoscale structures such as fronts and bands of strong winds. These structures are influenced

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H. F. Dacre, P. A. Clark, O. Martinez-Alvarado, M. A. Stringer, and D. A. Lavers

generates and is enhanced by latent heating associated with cloud processes. Such feedback-driven enhancement is included in our analysis but is not isolated as a separate factor. METHOD. Cyclone tracking and dataset. Following the work of Catto et al. (2010) , we apply an objective cyclone identification and tracking algorithm ( Hodges 1995 ) to fields from the Interim European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) Re-Analysis (ERA-Interim) for the winter periods (December–February) of

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