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K. Jossia Joseph, Amit Tandon, R. Venkatesan, J. Thomas Farrar, and Robert A. Weller

dome temperature measurements. Gradual rise and fall are observed in NIOT measurements except for a few peaks and troughs which are also evident in the comparatively large scatter in the regression plot. The different responses resulted in lower correlation of 0.76 and a standard deviation of 31.13 mV with large offset of 139.43 mV. An analysis of the voltage measurements in NIOT at 1-h intervals revealed a few zero values preceded and succeeded by nonzero values. These zero values were replaced

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Wei-Ting Chen, Shih-Pei Hsu, Yuan-Huai Tsai, and Chung-Hsiung Sui

, complex coastlines, and steep topography ( Birch et al. 2015 ). This region is surrounded by islands and continents with complex topography, which cultivates prominent diurnal variability of convection. Periodically and zonally propagating modes of tropical convection at different temporal and spatial scales can be found active over the SCS–MC. These are regarded as convectively coupled tropical waves based on the theoretical study of Matsuno (1966) and the analysis of Wheeler and Kiladis (1999

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Kenneth G. Hughes, James N. Moum, and Emily L. Shroyer

better resolved vertically. Much of our analysis focuses on the GusTs, which were at depths of 0.4, 1.7, 4.2, and 7.7 m. Fast thermistor measurements are continuous for whole deployments. For turbulence calculations, we segment these into 10-min blocks. With each block, we first convert T t to an equivalent horizontal gradient T x = T t / U where U is the 10-min mean flow speed past the sensor. We then calculate the dissipation of thermal variance χ by fitting T x spectra to a theoretical

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Wei-Ting Chen, Chien-Ming Wu, and Hsi-Yen Ma

, 2014 ), the effects of spinup due to initializing the CAM5 model with a “foreign” (ECMWF) analysis would have impacts on the first 24 h (i.e., day-1 hindcast ensembles). Afterward the tropical precipitation in the hindcasts reaches a relative equilibrium state close to the AMIP simulation of CAM5. Therefore in this study we concatenated each hindcast from 24- to 48-h lead time to form the day-2 time series (48–72 h for day 3) of the data stream from 1998 to 2012. We also performed a companion AMIP

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