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Lixia Zhang and Tianjun Zhou

. Zhou , R. B. Neale , X. Wu , and G. J. Zhang , 2010 : Performance of the new NCAR CAM3.5 in East Asian summer monsoon simulations: Sensitivity to modifications of the convection scheme . J. Climate , 23 , 3657 – 3675 , doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3022.1 . Dai , A. , 2011a : Drought under global warming: A review . Wiley Interdiscip. Rev.: Climate Change , 2 , 45 – 65 , doi: 10.1002/wcc.81 . Dai , A. , 2011b : Characteristics and trends in various forms of the Palmer drought severity

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Omar V. Müller, Ernesto Hugo Berbery, Domingo Alcaraz-Segura, and Michael B. Ek

near-real-time fractional vegetation coverage derived from satellite data in weather model simulations tends to reduce both the near-surface temperature and dewpoint biases. Likewise, the use of realistic leaf area index (LAI) translates into increases of potential predictability of evaporation in tropical and forested areas, although the impact on potential predictability of near-surface temperature is smaller and in some places even negative ( Weiss et al. 2012 ). Tian et al. (2004a , b

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Siegfried D. Schubert, Ronald E. Stewart, Hailan Wang, Mathew Barlow, Ernesto H. Berbery, Wenju Cai, Martin P. Hoerling, Krishna K. Kanikicharla, Randal D. Koster, Bradfield Lyon, Annarita Mariotti, Carlos R. Mechoso, Omar V. Müller, Belen Rodriguez-Fonseca, Richard Seager, Sonia I. Seneviratne, Lixia Zhang, and Tianjun Zhou

eastern Indian Ocean associated with the development phase of a positive IOD. These cold SST anomalies are unfavorable for weather systems that typically deliver rain-producing moisture over southern Australia. Recently, Australia experienced one of its most severe, recorded droughts: the Millennium Drought, which lasted about 10 years (2000–09). Cai et al. (2014) showed that the associated precipitation anomalies had substantial seasonal variation, with austral summer [December–March (DJFM

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