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  • Author or Editor: Georgy V. Shevchenko x
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Alexander B. Rabinovich, Georgy V. Shevchenko, and Richard E. Thomson

Abstract

The authors describe a two-dimensional (vector) regressional model for examining the anisotropic response of ice drift and ocean current velocity (“drift velocity”) to surface wind forcing. Illustration of the method is limited to sea ice response. The principal mathematical and physical properties of the model are outlined, together with estimates of the “response matrices” and the corresponding “response ellipses” (drift velocity response to a unity wind velocity forcing). For each direction, ϕ, of the wind vector the method describes a corresponding “wind factor” α(ϕ) (relative drift speed) and “turning angle” θ(ϕ) (the angle between the drift velocity and wind vector). The major ellipse axis corresponds to the direction of the “effective wind” (ϕ = ϕ max) and the minor axis to the direction of the “noneffective” wind. The eigenvectors of the response matrix define wind directions that are the same as the wind-induced drift velocity directions. Depending on the water depth and offshore distance, six analytical cases are possible, ranging from rectilinear response ellipses near the coast to purely circular response ellipses in the open ocean. The model is used to examine ice drift along the western shelf of Sakhalin Island (Sea of Okhotsk). Responses derived from the vector regression (four parameter) method are less constrained and therefore more representative of wind-induced surface motions than those derived using the traditional complex transfer function (two parameter) approach.

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