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Ross N. Hoffman, Peter Dailey, Susanna Hopsch, Rui M. Ponte, Katherine Quinn, Emma M. Hill, and Brian Zachry

) time scales of interest to us. In terms of economic effects, only limited research has addressed the potential financial impact of sea level rise on society from storm surge risk (e.g., McInnes et al. 2003 ; Hallegatte et al. 2008 ) because of the complexities in performing this type of analysis and in the underlying assumptions and uncertainties described above. Here we restrict ourselves to extrapolations of observed local trends in sea level to the year 2030. From these we estimate the

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Stephen M. Strader, Alex M. Haberlie, and Alexandra G. Loitz

losses and casualties. Although WFOs in the SE region should be most concerned with tornado events due to both a greater threat of tornadoes and an elevated societal vulnerability, CWAs in other tornado-prone regions (MW, NP, SP) are not immune to the effects of social vulnerability. MW CWAs often have greater percentages of FAWs and UWRs, higher population densities, and faster tornado translational speeds that increase tornado impact potential. Because MW CWAs also have the highest population

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Julie E. Doll, Brian Petersen, and Claire Bode

( Arbuckle et al. 2013 ). Arbuckle’s survey suggests that farmers are more reluctant than the average U.S. adult to agree that climate change is primarily human induced, and these findings were similar to the views of agricultural advisors, who play an important role in farmer decision-making ( Prokopy et al. 2015 ). Large farmer surveys have revealed that this may matter: farmers who acknowledge anthropogenic climate change are more likely to notice more variable weather across the U.S. Corn Belt and on

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Emma J. S. Ferranti, Joanna Ho Yan Wong, and Surindar Dhesi

, part of the SCCC ( Table 4 ). Climate change is compulsory within primary and secondary education, within general studies, science, and liberal studies. Specifically, children aged 5–8 should understand “climate and weather changes in Hong Kong and how they affect everyday life” (general studies); children aged 8–11 should understand the “effects of natural changes of the environment (e.g., climate change, natural hazards) on people and how people respond to these changes,” be aware that “global

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Alexander Hall and Georgina Endfield

in popular engagement with the issue of anthropogenic climate change ( Nerlich and Jaspal 2014 ). Fig . 3. Skating through Time: A composite image depicting ice hockey on a frozen Rydal Water in 1947 and the same lake today (Alexander Hall © 2014). In parallel with these approaches, we used a project blog and Twitter account to encourage online participation, with regular blog posts about the progress of research used to maintain interest and submissions via the website. By coordinating the blog

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Ole Bruun

.g., Pham 2011 ; Brown 2012 ) and have caused grave concern to be voiced at donor consultancy group meetings (e.g., VFN 2010 ). Inevitably, corruption also creeps into climate change projects. 5 The Vietnamese government’s position is forthright. Leading up to the fifteenth Conference of the Parties (COP15), Vietnam and a number of other climate-vulnerable countries signed a declaration stating, “Anthropogenic climate change poses an existential threat to our nations, our cultures and to our ways of

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Joshua J. Hatzis, Jennifer Koch, and Harold E. Brooks

. , 38 , 123 – 139 , . 10.1111/j.0016-7363.2006.00679.x Hall , S. G. , and W. S. Ashley , 2008 : Effects of urban sprawl on the vulnerability to a significant tornado impact in northeastern Illinois . Nat. Hazards Rev. , 9 , 209 – 219 , . 10.1061/(ASCE)1527-6988(2008)9:4(209) Hitchens , N. M. , H. E. Brooks , and M. P. Kay , 2013 : Objective limits on forecasting skill of rare events

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J. Nalau, S. Becken, S. Noakes, and B. Mackey

from anthropogenic emissions is leading to rising temperatures, shifting rainfall patterns, and an increase in the intensity and/or frequency of extreme weather events, along with secondary impacts, such as sea level rise and ocean acidification ( IPCC 2013 ). Climate change impacts tourism in four main ways: “direct impacts of a changed climate; indirect impacts of environmental change; mitigation policy and tourist mobility; and societal change related to reduced economic growth, consumer

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Michelle E. Saunders, Kevin D. Ash, and Jennifer M. Collins

anthropogenic features ( Diederich et al. 2015 ; Maddox et al. 2002 ). Likewise, access to telecommunication technologies—particularly home and mobile Internet—is generally much more limited in rural than in urban locations ( Cutter et al. 2016 ; Salemink et al. 2017 ). In addition to the geographic limitations of infrastructure, there are individual factors that can limit or deny access to weather information via radar maps. Despite the overall increase in telecommunications technologies over the past 30

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Laurie Yung, Nicky Phear, Alayna DuPont, Jess Montag, and Daniel Murphy

century, 55% attributed warming to human activities, while 41% said that warming was due to natural causes ( Gallup 2015 ). Recent research indicates that individuals attribute local changes, such as warmer winters, to either natural variation or anthropogenic climate change based on their climate change beliefs, beliefs that are heavily influenced by political ideology ( McCright et al. 2014 ). Ascribing specific changes, such as drought, to natural cycles rather than anthropogenic climate change is

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