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Jeffrey Frame and Paul Markowski

simulations. The soil model is the two-layer force-restore scheme described by Noilhan and Planton (1989) . The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Goddard Cumulus Ensemble radiative transfer model was used for both shortwave ( Chou 1990 , 1992 ; Chou et al. 1998 ) and longwave ( Tao et al. 1996 ; Chou et al. 1999 ) radiation. This model allows for the absorption, scattering, and emission of radiation by atmospheric constituents, including clouds and gases. The tilted independent

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YOSHIO KURIHARA

654MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW"Vol. 96, No. 9CORRESPONDENCENote on Finite Difference Expressions for the Hydro- static Relation and Pressure Gradient Force YOSHIO KURIHARAGeophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, ESSA, Washington, D.C.1. INTRODUCTIONThe computation scheme which was proposed byKurihara and Holloway [l] was used at the GeophysicalFluid Dynamics Lnboratory, ESSA, for t'he st,udy of thegeneral circulation of the ntmosphere incorporating therealistic distribution of orography

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38 MONTHLY WEATHER BEVIEW. FEBRUARY, 1892.~~NORTH ATLANTIC STORMS FOR FEBRUARY, 1892 (pressure in inches and millimeters; wind-force by Beaufort scale).The paths of storms that appeared over the west part of the north Atlantic Ocean during February, 1893, are ehown onChart I. These paths have been determined from reports 01observations by shipmasters received through the co-operation of the Hydrographic Office, Navy Department, aud the L c New Pork Herald Weather Service." In February there is

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.......... 7.26 11. Havre. Mont ............. 1 26 v ......................... ................... d0 I 2 i7I 1 ;........................... 1 .3 2 i .... ............................ 1 I7 I ................................. 1 ..... Mean ...I.... 1 ...... ...... 1 ....... , .......~3.5NORTH ATLANTIC: STORMS FOR AUGUST, 1892 (pressure in iuches and millimeters ; wind-force by Beaufort scale),The paths of storms that appeared over the west part of the north Atlantic Ocean duriug August, 1892, are shown

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p55w-5 1]hart V. Relative l?dations of the Horizontal Magnetic Force and the. Northwest Pressures and Temperatures.North Nes f Temp era tu rea* e 3 - 3Rl66675959555053596356'56646660566/676559433640806664485/4747sgr*7.2 +868 +56fId365 -753 -8 '52 -756 -969 -466 065 +36/ +?70 +J7/ +763 +965 t971 3.966 +I372 t /Z63 t846 +44/ 048 +@68 +I355 ,75360 +I/.46 F+//49 +I2at9 F f /44 ' +I64s +20- co't LX F D- 0-2-9-9-14- /d-/2-4-/-2-3t.346+3+3+7f /O+//+6-6-//-4+5+7f5+a?-essureB 8 k , . 9 -k-k$8B29.k92352

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the storm-center advanced eastward over Manitoba, without evidence of marked strength, and during the 31st passed to the region east of Lake Superior, with rain in the Atlanticcoast states, aud thunderstorms at points in the middle At- lentic coast states.- -NORTH ATLANTIO STORMS FOR JULY, 1892 (pressure in inches and millimeters; wind-force by Beaufort scale).The paths of storms that appeared over the west part of the north Atlantic Ocean during July, 1899, are shown on Chart I. These paths have

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Charles A. Doswell III

MAY 1988 NOTES AND CORRESPONDENCE 1251Comments on "An Improved Technique for Computing the Horizontal Pressure-Gradient Force at the Earth's Surface" CHARLES A. DOSWELL IIINOAA/Environmental Research Laboratories, National Severe Storms Laboratory, Norman, Oklahoma14 September 1987 and 30 October 19871. Introduction In a recent paper, Sangster (1987) presents a revisedversion

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88854261- - *Continuation n'f high area VI11 for Novrinher, 1891. t Reniained nearly st:ttion.uy ovt'r middle plateau, 11th to Igth, lnclosive. tContinuat~on of low area W November, 1891.-d c5I.4 6IOI2I5 1822a6 a63031...I4 67 9 1416I220sa... - forNbRTH ATLANTIC STORMS FOR DECEMBER, 1891 (pressure iu iuclies and millimeters; wiud-force by Beaufort scale).The paths of storms that appeared over the west part of tlie two principal tracks which diverge from the uiaiu contineiltalnorth Atlautic Oceau are

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SALVATORE PAGLUICA

186 MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW JUNE 1934THE GREAT WIND OF APRIL 11-12, 1934, ON MOUNT WASHINGTON, N.H., AND ITSMEASUREMENTPART IWINDS OF SUPERHURRICANE FORCE, AND A HEATED ANEMOMETER FOR THEIR MEASUREMENT DURING ICE-FORMING CONDITIONS 1By SALVATORE PAGLUICA[Mount Washington, N.H. (post oftica, Gorham, N.H.). July 19341Ea.rly m,ethods a.nd results.-While this article discusses chiefly the estremely high winds which have long beenknown to occur on Mount Washington, N.H., that portion of it which

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Thomas R. Parish and David H. Bromwich

1. Introduction Katabatic winds are prominent climatological features of the Antarctic boundary layer. These drainage flows result from the diabatic cooling of the sloping ice sheets and attendant establishment of a horizontal pressure gradient force directed downslope. There is an intimate coupling between the katabatic wind regime and the Antarctic orography. The strength of the katabatic wind is dependent on the slope of the ice surface; the strongest drainage flows are

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