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Kentaroh Suzuki, Takashi Y. Nakajima, and Graeme L. Stephens

microphysical processes (e.g., Stephens and Haynes 2007 ; Suzuki and Stephens 2008 ; Kubar et al. 2009 ). The ability of the MODIS sensor to observe solar radiation reflected at different wavelengths that penetrate to different cloud optical depths in clouds is also noteworthy. This provides additional information about the vertical stratification of particle sizes ( Platnick 2000 ; Chang and Li 2002 ; Nakajima et al. 2010a ) that, when combined with CloudSat observations, provides detailed insights

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Richard W. Reynolds, Thomas M. Smith, Chunying Liu, Dudley B. Chelton, Kenneth S. Casey, and Michael G. Schlax

that is equivalent to the OI, as discussed by Hock and Jensen (1999) . They mention that kriging and OI were developed for geology and meteorology, respectively, and that the initial papers on the analysis methods were first published in 1963. As discussed in CW05 , clouds are essentially transparent to MW radiation and AMSR SSTs can be obtained in all conditions free of precipitation. Infrared measurements can only be obtained in clear-sky conditions, and cloud-contaminated data are often

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Peter M. Kuhn

908 JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES VOLUME 25Nimbus H and Balloon Infrared Radiation Analyses over the Antarctic~ Pv.~E~t M. Ktrm~Atraospl~ri- Physics and Cl~mistvy Laboratory, ESSA, Boulder, Colo.(Manuscript received 3 November 1967, in revised form 29 January 1968) ABSTRACT The Nimbus II meteorological satellite permitted a direct comparison of analyses of satellites

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Clifford D. Kern

MARCU1963 NOTES AND CORRESPONDENCE 175NOTES AND CORRESPONDENCEDesert Soil Temperatures and Infrared Radiation Received by TIROS IIICLIFFORD D. KERN, CAPT., USAF University of Washington26 October 1962 and 7 January 1963 In a recent paper by W. Nordberg et al. (1962) it wasstated that the radiation received at the TIROS IIISatellite in the 7.5- to 13-micron "window" Channelover

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DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCELUTHERH. HODGES, SecretaryWEATHER BUREAUF. W. REICHELDERFER, ChiefMONTHLY WEATHER REVIEWJAMES E. CASKEY, JR., EditorVolume 89, Numbsr 11 Washington, D.C. November 1961ANALYSIS OF SATELLITE INFRARED RADIATION MEASUREMENTS ONA SYNOPTIC SCALE 1*2MELVIN WEINSTEIN, LT. COL., USAF 3Air Weather ServiceandVERNER E. SUOMIUniversity of Wisconsin, Madman, Wis.[Manuscript received May 22. 1961; revlsed September 12, 19611ABSTRACTLong-wave radiation loss maps, based on Explorer 1

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Joseph J. Michalsky and Charles N. Long

1. Introduction Two papers published in the early 1990s comparing radiation transfer codes for the infrared ( Ellingson et al. 1991 ) and for the solar ( Fouquart et al. 1991 ) irradiance concluded that many of the radiation transfer codes (parameterized to reduce run time) used in climate models did not agree with state-of-the-art line-by-line radiative transfer codes; for the most part line-by-line codes agreed with one another. However, the measurements to confirm that the radiative fluxes

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J. Li and Qiang Fu

1. Introduction Generally, the radiative transfer process is very complicated. Fortunately, this process is dramatically simplified within earth’s atmosphere by the following three factors: 1) for solar radiation, there is no source within the atmosphere; 2) the spectral overlap between the solar and infrared radiation is very small; and 3) for the infrared, radiative, scattering is weak. The third factor holds only for a clear sky, since the gaseous scattering (Rayleigh scattering) in the

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Monthlv Weather Review"- - """"VOLUME 99, NUMBER 8 AUGUST 1971UDC 551.576.2:551.507.3.2:551.521.32AN INVESTIGATION OF CLOUD DISTRIBUTIONFROM SATELLITE INFRARED RADIATION DATA ROBERT C. LO and DONALD R. JOHNSONDepartment of Meteorology, The University of Wisconsin, Madison Wis.A physical-statistical model using Nimbus I1 MRIR (medium resolution infrared) radiometer channel 2 (10-11 pm)data is formed to estimate cloud cover. In the model, cloud cover is estimated from the probability

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Robert E. Dickinson, Shaw C. Liu, and Thomas M. Donahue

2142 JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES VOLUMe35Effect of Chlorofiuoromethane Infrared Radiation on Zonal Atmospheric Temperatures ROBERT E. DICKINSONNationat Center for At~nospheric Research~, Bou~der, CO 80307 SH~W C. L~u~ a~D THomts M. DON*tUEDepart~nent of Atmospheric and Oceanic Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109 (Manuscript received 16 March 1978

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J. Li

1. Introduction For infrared radiation, scattering by gas is very weak and the infrared scattering process is usually neglected. Without scattering, the absorption and emission are the dominate processes for the infrared radiative transfer. This method of neglecting scattering is consequently called the absorption approximation or the emissivity approximation. In the absorption approximation, the radiance obtained from the radiative transfer has to be converted to flux by angular integration

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