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Melissa L. Finucane, Rachel Miller, L. Kati Corlew, Victoria W. Keener, Maxine Burkett, and Zena Grecni

these decision processes are occurring. For instance, decisions about where to drill wells for future withdrawals depend on estimates of the sustainable yields of aquifers, which in turn depend on the extent to which decision makers [such as those in a state agency such as the Department of Land and Natural Resources (DLNR)] are able to make accurate assumptions about the amount and distribution of future rainfall. Being able to characterize such climate-sensitive decisions about freshwater

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I. Martínez-Zarzoso

-of-origin determinants. The mechanisms through which the climate variables are expected to trigger migration could be related to degradation of land use for agriculture, disruption of fragile ecosystems and depletion of natural resources, including freshwater, which will directly impact individuals’ lives and productive activities. Most of the mechanisms are expected to operate heterogeneously across countries. In particular, water scarcity will mostly affect agriculture-dependent countries. A more detailed

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Margaret V. du Bray, Amber Wutich, and Alexandra Brewis

al. 2010 ; Farbotko and McGregor 2010 ; Gorman-Murray 2010 ; McMichael 2011 ; Stratford et al. 2013 ) and can activate energetic community action ( Ryan 2016 ). In an effort to connect the study of local emotion to the challenge of addressing climate change, here we ask if people’s perceived climate change futures elicit any strong (positive or negative) emotions. In using interview data collected across biophysically diverse, climate-vulnerable places across the United States, we are

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Jason Senkbeil, Jennifer Collins, and Jacob Reed

gusts (APG) and also greater than the wind speeds at which perceived damage would occur (DW). The APG was less than the DW for each storm. These results suggest widespread overestimation of wind speeds after landfall, and this is only further exacerbated by using the APG for comparison. If the sustained wind speeds over land were used, then the overestimation of wind speed would be even greater. Communication of wind speed forecasts postlandfall should consider methods to better convey wind speeds

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K. Kvale, K. Zickfeld, T. Bruckner, K. J. Meissner, K. Tanaka, and A. J. Weaver

Nordhaus (2008) . a. Model ACC2 The model ACC2 ( Tanaka 2008 ) describes major physical and biogeochemical processes in the Earth system on a global-annual-mean level. 1 ACC2 is a descendant of the Integrated Assessment of Climate Protection Strategies (ICLIPS) Climate Model (ICM) ( Bruckner et al. 2003 ) and has been used for several applications (e.g., Tanaka et al. 2009a , b ; Tanaka and Raddatz 2011 ). Ocean and land CO 2 uptake are described by two separate four-reservoir box models tuned to

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Michelle D. Hawkins, Vankita Brown, and Jannie Ferrell

. Therefore, Lans Rothfusz, an NWS forecaster at the time, developed a simplified NWS HI later in 1979 by performing multiple regression analysis on data from Steadman’s THI table, resulting in the current NWS equation, which uses only air temperature and relative humidity as inputs ( Rothfusz 1990 ). The HI parameter and guidance on its usage was introduced in an NWS policy document in 1984 ( NWS 1984 ) and remains the primary NWS parameter for expressing the combined effects of temperature and humidity

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Jadwiga R. Ziolkowska, Christopher A. Fiebrich, J. D. Carlson, Andrea D. Melvin, Albert J. Sutherland, Kevin A. Kloesel, Gary D. McManus, Bradley G. Illston, James E. Hocker, and Reuben Reyes

over 1000 users through formal workshops. Fig . 10. OK-FIRE module used by wildfire managers in Oklahoma. The landing page gives a regional snapshot of current weather and fire conditions centered on the user’s location. The relevance of the Mesonet’s value-added fire products is substantiated by the fact that more than half of Oklahoma’s land consists of wildlands. About 2 million acres of wildlands are typically burned in Oklahoma every year: 10% by wildfire and 90% by prescribed fire ( Carlson

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Tobias Dalhaus and Robert Finger

certain accumulation period, are used as underlying of the index [see, e.g., Leblois and Quirion (2013) for an overview]. In this example, a payout occurs if a strike level of the underlying precipitation value is undercut or exceeded, depending on the contract design. To allow for the efficient reduction of on-farm losses, the chosen index must adequately describe on-farm results ( Woodard and Garcia 2008 ). The remaining basis risk—that is, the discrepancy between the losses experienced by the

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Martin J. Murphy and Ronald L. Holle

. These results may be contrasted with lightning climatologies taken from two low Earth-orbiting satellites, the Optical Transient Detector (OTD) and Lightning Imaging Sensor (LIS) ( Christian et al. 2003 ; Cecil et al. 2014 ), as well as the ground-based global lightning dataset GLD360 ( Said et al. 2013 , their Figs. 4a and 5a). These satellite- and ground-based climatologies show that the overall lightning maximum resides over land and extends well northward into Sonora and the U.S. states of

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B. S. Felzer, Carol R. Ember, R. Cheng, and M. Jiang

−1 , respectively (mean T + = 0.78 for R20S and 0.72 for R10S), whereas other indices performed relatively poorly, suggesting that the ability to hindcast flooding may be associated with some antecedent soil moisture conditions. We further explore this by using a process-based land surface model (TEM) to include soil moisture conditions ( Fig. S4 of the online supplemental material). TEM is a prognostically based numerical model of biogeochemical processes between vegetation, soils, and the

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