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Nevio Medeot, Rajesh Nair, and Riccardo Gerin

calibrated” accuracies of the sensors upon dispatch from SBE are 0.002°C for temperature and 0.005 in equivalent practical salinity for conductivity (~0.001 S m −1 ), but the effective accuracies in the field are probably to be considered no better than 2 times as much (i.e., 0.004°C and 0.002 S m −1 ) owing to the shipping and subsequent installation operations (SBE 2010, personal communication). Trieste 1 generates enormous amounts of temperature and conductivity data during missions (the maximum

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Kern E. Kenyon

NOVEMBER 1978 K E R N E. K E N Y O N 1061The Shallow Salinity Minimum of the Eastern North Pacific in Winter KERN E. KENYONScripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego 92093(Manuscript received 10 February 1978, in final form 19 June 1978) ABSTRACT Extensive STD data at a 100 km station spacing from a recent winter cruise (March-April 1976

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Alberto R. Piola and Arnold L. Gordon

APRIL 1984 ALBERTO R. PIOLA AND ARNOLD L. GORDON 747Pacific and Indian Ocean Upper-Layer Salinity Budget~ ALBERTO R. PIOLAServicio de Hidrografia Naval, 1271 Buenos Aires, Argentina ARNOLD L. GORDONLamont-Doherty Geological Observatory of Columbia University, Palisades, NY 10964(Manuscript received 4 April 1983, in final form 7 November 1983)ABSTRACTThe freshwater balance in the

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Robert W. Houghton and Martin H. Visbeck

1. Introduction The origin of the quasi-decadal fluctuation of upper ocean water properties in the North Atlantic has been the object of a number of investigations. These can be divided into two approaches: consideration of sea surface temperature (SST) fluctuations and consideration of upper ocean salinity and sea ice variations. The basin-scale structure and coherence of the quasi-decadal SST fluctuations was first identified by Deser and Blackmon (1993) using EOF analysis of the

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J. R. Donguy and C. Henin

1132 JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY VOLUMESNOTES AND CORRESPONDENCESurface Salinity Fluctuations Between 1956 and 1973 in the Western South Pacific Ocean J. R. DONOUY AND C. HENINCentre ORSTOM, Noumea, New Caledonia17 October 1977 and 29 May 1978ABSTRACT For the western South Pacific Ocean, the 1956-73 surface salinity is compared with the rainfall andwind information along the 180- meridian. On the

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Michael J. McPhaden, H. Paul Freitag, and Andrew J. Shepherd

568 JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND OCEANIC TECHNOLOGY VOLUME7 Moored Salinity Time Series Measurements at 0-, 140-W* MICHAEL J. MCPHADEN, H. PAUL FREITAG AND ANDREW J. SHEPHERDPac~c Marine Environmental Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Seattle. Washington(Manuscript received 10 August t989, in final form 7 February 1990)ABSTRACT This study describes moored salinity time

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Nadya T. Vinogradova and Rui M. Ponte

1. Introduction The Aquarius/Satelite de Aplicaciones Cientificas-D ( SAC-D ) salinity remote sensing mission, developed jointly by the U.S. and Argentine space agencies ( Lagerloef et al. 1995 , 2008 ; Le Vine et al. 2007 ), was launched in June 2011. The mission is dedicated to improving our knowledge of the global water cycle and will provide global maps of sea surface salinity (SSS)—a crucial variable in studies of large-scale ocean circulation and climate change (e.g., Riser et al

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Florian Sévellec, Mahdi Ben Jelloul, and Thierry Huck

1. Introduction One of the expected consequences of global warming is the modification of the water cycle, one of the main forcing mechanisms of the ocean thermohaline circulation. In actuality, freshwater fluxes have a local influence on the surface salinity, and thus on the ocean dynamics. Josey and Marsh (2005) show that sea surface salinity has been modified since the mid-1970s because of increased precipitation in the North Atlantic Ocean subpolar gyre. Modification of ocean salinity in

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Annie P. S. Wong and Stephen C. Riser

ice-free months is 32 km, whereas the mean distance between each consecutive pair of interpolated positions during the ice-covered months is only 13 km. Nonetheless, this simple method of estimating position under ice is sufficient for regional studies such as this one. This study used 1964 quality-controlled CTD profiles that were located within the seasonal sea ice zone. Of the 1964 profiles, 1128 (57%) were collected under sea ice. Float salinity measurements were checked for conductivity

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Dan E. Kelley

2424 JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY VOLUME24Temperature-Salinity Criterion for Inhibition of Deep Convection DAN E. KELLEYOceanography Department, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada22 November 1993 and 28 March 1994 ABSTRACT Malmberg's salinity criterion for the inhibition of oceanic deep convection is extended here to account forincreases in salinity

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