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Michael Paolisso, Ellen Douglas, Ashley Enrici, Paul Kirshen, Chris Watson, and Matthias Ruth

on adaptation ( Paavola and Adger 2006 ). These broad justice considerations are empirically based on the fact that adaptation to climate change consists of individual and group choices made in the context of present and predicted climate change impacts, societal concerns, and priorities and existing institutional decision-making structures and processes that bias particular distributions of resources, wealth, and power ( Paavola and Adger 2006 ). These choices and decisions are often

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Robert Shupp, Scott Loveridge, Mark Skidmore, Jungmin Lim, and Cynthia Rogers

patient, they may not work to address their needs in a timely way. Conversely, people who become impatient may make decisions that negatively impact them further into the future. Altered patience may influence choices such as how and when to rebuild private homes and businesses as well as how to rebuild and invest in critical public infrastructure. For example, an impatient household may accept price gouging from contractors in exchange for rapid reconstruction, thereby affecting their future economic

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M. Susan Moran, Bradley Doorn, Vanessa Escobar, and Molly E. Brown

drought and risk assessments by factoring in both science and societal impacts ( Kumar et al. 2014a ). Simulated data similar to SMAP products were used in agricultural models to show the usefulness of soil moisture for crop yield estimation at sites where the full time sequence of precipitation and other critical weather variables were not available or subject to measurements errors (El Sharif et al. 2014, manuscript submitted to J. Hydrometeor. ) and the increase in streamflow forecast skill

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Robert Munroe, Burrell Montz, and Scott Curtis

communication leading up to Superstorm Sandy from the emergency manager perspective . Environ. Hazards , 16 , 330 – 344 , https://doi.org/10.1080/17477891.2017.1301358 . 10.1080/17477891.2017.1301358 Lazo , J. , and B. Morrow , 2013 : Survey of coastal U.S. Public’s perspective on extra tropical–tropical cyclone storm surge information. NCAR Societal Impacts Program, 109 pp., http://www.sip.ucar.edu/projects/stormsurge/2013_01_07_ETTC_Storm_Surge_Public_Survey_Report.pdf . Lindell , M. K. , and R

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Micah J. Hewer and William A. Gough

2001 , 2007 , 2014 ), numerous climate change impact assessments (CCIAs) have been produced on a global scale—again, as evidenced by the various literature reviews on climate change and tourism that have emerged in recent years ( Scott et al. 2012 ; Gössling et al. 2012 ; Becken 2013 ; Kaján and Saarinen 2013 ; Rosselló-Nadal 2014 ; Hewer and Gough 2018 ). Given the importance of this industry to local, regional, and national economies in Canada and the perceived sensitivity of ORT to

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Mark M. Shimamoto and Sabrina McCormick

1. Introduction The impacts of climate change on human health are complex and widespread ( Crimmins et al. 2016 ). Direct effects include excess morbidity and mortality from extreme events, such as heat waves, storms, and wildfires as well as indirect impacts that are mediated through changes in environmental conditions, such as increasing pollen counts and shifting distribution of vectors ( Luber et al. 2014 ). These changes in climate may increase the incidence of certain respiratory diseases

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Kevin Barjenbruch, Carol M. Werner, Randall Graham, Cody Oppermann, Glenn Blackwelder, Jeff Williams, Glen Merrill, Scott Jensen, and Justin Connolly

psychological problems that can occur when storms contribute to hazardous driving conditions, explains the research methodology and results, and ends with suggested communication strategies that clarify potential storm impacts and encourage drivers to adjust their commute schedule or mode of travel in order to reduce congestion and crashes during winter storms. a. Utah weather partners In 2001, the National Weather Service Forecast Office in Salt Lake City, Utah, was involved in a one-of-a-kind partnership

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Walker S. Ashley, Stephen Strader, Troy Rosencrants, and Andrew J. Krmenec

and people affected suggests that swelling populations, development trends, and vulnerabilities are outpacing mitigation and adaptation, leading to greater disaster frequencies and amplified impacts. Through demographic and asset normalization methods, long-term, macroscale hazard impact assessments [cf. Table 1 in Bouwer (2011) and Table 3 in Barthel and Neumayer (2012) ] have suggested that societal change and economic development are the primary factors responsible for the increasing trend

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Curtis L. Walker, Dylan Steinkruger, Pouya Gholizadeh, Sogand Hasanzedah, Mark R. Anderson, and Behzad Esmaeili

precipitation on automobile collisions, injuries, and fatalities in the United States . J. Transp. Geogr. , 48 , 165 – 175 , https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2015.09.007 . 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2015.09.007 Blincoe , L. J. , T. R. Miller , E. Zaloshnja , and B. A. Lawrence , 2015 : The economic and societal impact of motor vehicle crashes, 2010. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Rep. DOT HS 812 013, 304 pp. Boselly , S. E. , J. E. Thornes , and C. Ulberg , 1993 : Road

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Adam M. Rainear, Kenneth A. Lachlan, and Carolyn A. Lin

resulted in a sitting president acknowledging the name (Snowmageddon; AP, 2010). Unfortunately, little social science research has investigated the practicality, usefulness, acceptability, or perceptions regarding using naming systems for winter storms. After a 2011 Halloween storm impacted the East Coast and was dubbed “Snowtober” by numerous media outlets, The Weather Channel (TWC) began informally reviewing the public safety impact and awareness of storm naming. In 2012, TWC began to officially name

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