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William Amponsah, Lorenzo Marchi, Davide Zoccatelli, Giorgio Boni, Marco Cavalli, Francesco Comiti, Stefano Crema, Ana Lucía, Francesco Marra, and Marco Borga

, uncertainty assessment, and comparison with rainfall–runoff model results. 3. The 25 October 2011 flash flood in the Magra River basin The Magra River basin ( Fig. 2 ) is located in central-northern Italy, at the border between the Tuscany and Liguria regions, with highest elevation at 1900 m MSL, and drains to the Ligurian Sea. The total drainage area of the study basin is 1717 km 2 , of which the Vara River (the major tributary of the Magra River) drains 605 km 2 . The climate is Mediterranean with dry

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L. Dell'Osso, L. Bertotti, and L. Cavaleri

JANUARY 1992 DELL'OSSO ET AL. 77The Gorbush Storm in the Mediterranean Sea: Atmospheric and Wave Simulation L. DELL'OSSOEuropean Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts, Reading, United Kingdom L. BERTOTTI AND L. CAVALERIIstituto Studio Dinamica Grandi Masse/CNR, Venice, Italy(Manuscript received 26 December 1990, in final form 8 July 1991)ABSTRACT The storm that disrupted

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HEINRICH FICKER

University of Chicago, and a t the Naval Observatory at Washington.-C. L. M.the United States, I? laving done astronomicd work at theTHE INFLUENCE OF. THE ALPS ON PRESSURE OVER THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA.*qhd/* !f ( L/32$H22?~x FICKER.When it is observed from charts of mean pressure dis- tribution over Europe for two successive days that the center of an extensive depression moves from the Atlantic Ocean to a region east of Scandinavia, and when other conditions are favorable, there occurs typical devel- o

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M. Susan Lozier and Nicole M. Stewart

1. Introduction Subsurface pathways of newly ventilated ocean waters play a critical role in the climate system as they establish the global transport of heat, salt, and other properties. Though a recent focus has centered on the deep-water masses emanating from the Nordic and Labrador Seas, the ultimate fate of the warm and salty waters that flow out of the Mediterranean Sea, through the Strait of Gibraltar, and into the North Atlantic remains unanswered despite decades of scrutiny. Interest

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G. Korres, N. Pinardi, and A. Lascaratos

of variability. The vertical structure of the anomalies is nearly uniform throughout the first kilometer of the water column. We examined the temporal relationship characterizing the fields of sea surface temperature and total heat flux over the Mediterranean Basin, through the use of EEOF methods. On the seasonal scale, the two fields are characterized by a phase lag of 2–3 months with the total heat flux leading to the SST field. On the interannual scale, we identified the presence of two time

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Vincent Echevin, Michel Crepon, and Laurent Mortier

1. Introduction The Mediterranean “Northern Current” (hereinafter NC), also known as the Liguro–Provençal–Catalan Current, has a major influence on the dynamics and water masses in the Gulf of Lions. It is formed by the return branch of the cyclonic circulation of the Western Mediterranean Sea, which is generated by the entrance of Atlantic water into the Mediterranean Sea and reinforced by the wind stress curl over the Liguro–Provençal Basin ( Herbaut et al. 1997 ). This current is mostly

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Andrea Toreti, Franz G. Kuglitsch, Elena Xoplaki, Jürg Luterbacher, and Heinz Wanner

are highly correlated with the series to be homogenized. The correction of daily climate time series is still at an early stage of research and few approaches have considered daily temperature data (e.g., Vincent et al. 2002 ; Della-Marta and Wanner 2006 , hereafter DW06 ). DW06 developed a method for adjusting the mean and higher-order moments (HOM) of daily time series, which was used to homogenize daily western European and western Mediterranean temperature time series (e.g., Della

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Annarita Mariotti

how in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 3 (CMIP3) multimodel simulations, the combination of projected twenty-first-century precipitation reduction and warming-enhanced evaporation concurs to determine even greater alterations of Mediterranean water cycle characteristics with significant increases in land surface dryness and loss of freshwater over the Mediterranean Sea. In these simulations, the “transition” toward such conditions is seen to be ongoing, with an acceleration around

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P. Alpert and T. Reisin

particular, the rain pattern is discussed. This event contributes to heavy rain in the inlandstations, of particular importance in the semiarid zone. The stability characteristics of the polar air mass on its way to the eastern Mediterranean are investigatedand compared to a similar case in the western Mediterranean. It is suggested that the land-sea distributionalong the path oftbe penetrating polar air mass is responsible for the significant differences that were found.1. Introduction The first

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Thomas Jung, Laura Ferranti, and Adrian M. Tompkins

) and Cassou et al. (2005) , while this article discusses the predictability of such events. The paper is organized as follows. In the following section the experimental setup is described. This is followed by a section describing the results. The focus is on the dynamical and thermodynamical response to an anomalously warm Mediterranean Sea. Finally, the results are discussed and the conclusions are given. 2. Methodology To carry out the investigation, the atmospheric model component of the ECMWF

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