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E. M. Frisby and H. W. Sansom

AVRJL 1967 E. M. F R I S B Y A N D H. W. S A N S O M 339Hail Incidence in the Tropics E. M. FmSBY~ Raven Industries, Inc., Sioux Falls, S. Dak. AND H. W. SANSOMEast African Meteorological Department, Nalrobi, Kenya(Manuscript received 23 May 1966, in revised form 24 October 1966) This paper is a review and compilation of information concerning the incidence and frequency of

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Hugo Bellenger and Jean-Philippe Duvel

% of the decadal near surface temperature trend observed in the tropics. Other empirical approaches were developed to evaluate the DSA from daily statistics. Webster et al. (1996) used a 1D model validated with TOGA COARE in situ data to study the sensitivity of DSA to wind speed, insolation, and precipitation and to derive a formulation of the DSA as a function of daily mean surface wind and precipitation rate and of daily solar radiation maximum. Kawai and Kawamura (2002) developed a similar

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K-M. Lau, C-P. Chang, and P. H. Chan

1372 MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW VOLUMEShort-Term Planetary-Scale Interactions over the Tropics and Midlatitudes. Part lh Winter-MONEX Period K.-M. LAUGoddard Laboratory for Atmospheric Sciences, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 C.-P. CH~nGDepartment of Meteorology, Naval Postgraduate School, Montero,, CA 93940

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Wayman E. Baker and Jan Paegle

VOLUME Ill MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW JULY 1983The Influence of the Tropics on the Prediction of Ultralong Waves. Part I: Tropical Wind Field WAYMAN E. BAKERLaboratory of Atmospheric Sciences, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center. Grbenbelt. MD 20771 JAN PAEGLEDepartment of Meteorology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, 84112(Manuscript received 23 June 1982, in final form

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foundin the journal Science.ATMOSPHERIC EXPLORATIONS IN THE TROPICS.At the request of the Editor Mr. A. Lawrence Rotch com-municates the following items with reference to the meteoro-logical expedition to the Tropics now in progress at the jointexpense of Mr. Rotch and the French meteorologist, M. Ties-serenc de Bort.Mr. Clayton, of the ntaffof the Blue Hill Observatory, left Boston hy theWhite Star steamer R O W I ~J I ~C on June 3 for the Mrditerranem. Duringthe voyage he will endeavor to obtain

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Rolando R. Garcia and Murry L. Salby

15J^NUARVI987 ROLANDO R. GARCIA AND MURRY L. SALBY 499Transient Response to Localized Episodic Heating in the Tropics. Part II: Far-Field Behavior ROLANDO R. GARCIA*National Center for Atmospheric Research**, Boulder, CO 80307 MURRY L. SALBY~'*Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540(Manuscript received 21 October 1985, in final

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Courtney Schumacher and Robert A. Houze Jr.

of both convective and stratiform elements, as in an idealized mesoscale convective system. Tao et al. (1993) introduced a method to calculate the three-dimensional latent heating of precipitating clouds across the Tropics based on the amount of rain that is stratiform and convective. Other uses for accurate convective–stratiform partitioning are to validate cumulus parameterizations ( Donner et al. 2001 ), provide data for assimilation in general circulation models ( Hou et al. 2001 ), and

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Abraham Zangvil and Michio Yanai

FEBRUARY 1980IABRAHAM ZANGVIL AND MICHIO YANAI283 Upper Tropospheric Waves in the Tropics. Part I:Dynamical Analysis in the Wavenumber-Frequency DomainABRAHAM ZANGVILThe Institute for Desert Research, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel MICHIO YANAIDepartment of Atmospheric Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles 90024 (Manuscript received 12 September 1979)ABSTRACTSpace and time spectra of large-scale wave disturbances at the 200 mb level in

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R. Roca, J. Aublanc, P. Chambon, T. Fiolleau, and N. Viltard

al. 2013 ). Simple conceptual models of the interaction between deep convection and precipitation where precipitation is roughly the product of the mean convective mass flux by the mean boundary layer humidity have been proposed (e.g., Held and Soden 2006 ). While offering interesting thermodynamical scaling, these models are nevertheless likely to be too simple to accurately describe the processes operating in the tropics. In the tropics, deep convection occurs in a complex environment, where a

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OLIVER L. FASSIG

cent ofagreement that is gained iq an important nclvance am1 sucKITE FLYING IN THE TROPICS.I(1 C⟩J I \ CR L E'A\.I~., alstwl Baltiiiuwe, RId , Drtemlx~~ 2;. 1111~3.On June 1, 1903, an expedition under the auspices of theCfeographical Society of Baltimore, directed by Dr. Cteorge E.Shattuck, Secretary to the Society, left Baltimore on the two-masted schooner l f i i i . H. T i l i t Ahiic, for the Baliaiua Tslantl~.The purpose of the expedition was to make a scientific surxeyof the islandh d o

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