Search Results

You are looking at 11 - 20 of 107 items for :

  • Anthropogenic effects x
  • Weather, Climate, and Society x
  • All content x
Clear All
Paul Butke and Scott C. Sheridan

distribution of people within a city changes from weekend to weekday, the potential interaction between weather and changing levels of human interaction could manifest itself in certain areas of the city, showing more significant effects of weather on crime than other areas. 2. Background Four main theories on violent crime can be applied to the relationship between heat and violence. The Negative Affect Escape Model ( Baron 1972 ; Baron and Bell 1976 ; Bell and Baron 1976 ) concluded that negative

Full access
William H. Hooke
Full access
Tori L. Jennings

. Until recently mitigation was commonly accepted as the dominant paradigm, but adaptation policies are receiving more attention in part because anthropogenic climate change appears unavoidable ( Adger et al. 2009 ; Hulme 2009 ; Nelson et al. 2007 ; Orlove 2009 ). It should come as no surprise then that adaptation and its correlative “resilience” in the context of global climate change are increasingly the object of anthropological research given our longstanding interest in human adaptation to

Full access
Jennifer R. Fownes and Shorna B. Allred

1. Introduction All regions of the United States have already experienced impacts of anthropogenic climate change, including warmer temperatures, changing precipitation patterns, and more frequent and intense extreme weather events ( Melillo et al. 2014 ). While 60% of Americans think that global warming is affecting weather in the United States, only 33% report having ever personally experienced its effects ( Leiserowitz et al. 2017 ). This reflects a tendency for climate change to be

Full access
David M. Schultz and Vladimir Janković

High-impact weather events are often accompanied in scientific, media, and policy circles by discussion of whether the events were associated with or enhanced by anthropogenic climate change. Although such discussion may be interesting scientifically, weather events will happen whether or not climate change is occurring—reducing carbon dioxide emissions will not eliminate the damage from tornadoes. Society, however, can choose to respond in a way to both reduce anthropogenic climate change and

Full access
Kerry Emanuel

suggests that an anthropogenic climate change signal has already emerged in Atlantic hurricane records ( Mann and Emanuel 2006 ). A number of caveats apply to the present analysis. First, we have held constant the distribution and value of insured property, not accounting for changing demographics or adaptation strategies that might reduce vulnerability to damage. We do not consider the effects of rising sea level, which would increase vulnerability to damage by storm surges. Nor have we taken into

Full access
Wanyun Shao, Barry D. Keim, James C. Garand, and Lawrence C. Hamilton

interaction effects . Climatic Change , 104 , 231 – 242 . Hamilton, L. C. , 2012 : Did the Arctic ice recover? Demographics of true and false climate facts . Wea. Climate Soc. , 4 , 236 – 249 . Hamilton, L. C. , and Keim B. D. , 2009 : Regional variation in perceptions about climate change . Int. J. Climatol. , 29 , 2348 – 2352 . Hamilton, L. C. , and Stampone M. D. , 2013 : Blowin’ in the wind: Short-term weather and belief in anthropogenic climate change . Wea. Climate Soc. , 5

Full access
Yajie Li, Amanda Lee Hughes, and Peter D. Howe

. 2015 ). There is little doubt that risk messages need information about the hazard itself and hazard impacts ( Mileti and Sorensen 1990 ). However, we hesitate to say that the theme of hazard information is persuasive message content. This is because past studies typically disaggregated the hazard information theme into several components and examined the persuasive effects of its components ( Morss et al. 2016 ; Lebel et al. 2018 ; Potter et al. 2018 ), instead of examining the persuasive

Restricted access
Lawrence C. Hamilton

particular answers connect with specific beliefs about climate. The greenhouse effect definition, or which ice could most affect sea level, appear to represent background knowledge not obviously favoring or guessable from a specific climate belief. Empirically supporting this view, both are best predicted from education, with weak or absent effects from partisanship and beliefs. Respondents who accept anthropogenic climate change could more accurately answer both questions, and in this respect show

Full access
Detlef F. Sprinz and Steffen von Bünau

excess damages beyond this benchmark should be considered for compensation. The damages themselves need to be caused by anthropogenic climate change, not by natural fluctuations in climate as the latter have been endured by countries and citizens over the past millennia. b. Independent adjudication Attribution of cause and effects ought to be in the hands of a neutral, politically independent judicial body that has no interest whether and which amount to award for climate damages. For simplicity, let

Full access