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Rui Sun, Xueqin Zhang, Yang Sun, Du Zheng, and Klaus Fraedrich

estimated by the Penman–Monteith method based on the observed daily temperature, relative humidity, solar radiation, and wind speed. The method developed by Ritchie (1972) was used to calculate actual ET. Surface runoff was estimated by the Soil Conservation Service (SCS) curve number (CN) method based on the daily precipitation. A kinematic storage model was utilized to predict lateral flow, whereas the return flow was simulated by creating a shallow aquifer. The variable storage model method was

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Natalie Teale and David A. Robinson

comprehensive climatology of moisture transport for the Northeast, the eastern United States, and adjacent Atlantic at large. This kinematics of water vapor transport will provide the atmospheric foundation for understanding the causes behind observed and projected changes in precipitation in the Northeast. This is the first paper in a series of three characterizing the relationship between moisture transport patterns and precipitation in the eastern United States. This first paper develops the moisture

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Viviana Maggioni, Humberto J. Vergara, Emmanouil N. Anagnostou, Jonathan J. Gourley, Yang Hong, and Dimitrios Stampoulis

Model (SAC-SMA; Burnash et al. 1973 ) for runoff generation and a kinematic wave model for flow routing. For the latter, a rating curve method is available ( Koren et al. 2004 ), which was selected for this study. SAC-SMA has 17 conceptual parameters while the routing model consists of 2 parameters. Initial spatially distributed estimates for 11 of the SAC-SMA parameters were available from the work of Koren et al. (2000) . The remaining 6 parameters were implemented as lumped values established

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Dimitrios Stampoulis, Emmanouil N. Anagnostou, and Efthymios I. Nikolopoulos

– 1051 . Stampoulis, D. , and Anagnostou E. N. , 2012 : Evaluation of global satellite rainfall products over continental Europe . J. Hydrometeor. , 13 , 588 – 603 . Steiner, M. , and Smith J. A. , 1998 : Convective versus stratiform rainfall: An ice-microphysical and kinematic conceptual model . Atmos. Res. , 47–48 , 317 – 326 . Tang, L. , and Hossain F. , 2012 : Investigating the similarity of satellite rainfall error metrics as a function of Koppen climate classification

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Hao Huang, Kun Zhao, Haonan Chen, Dongming Hu, Peiling Fu, Qing Lin, and Zhengwei Yang

-band polarimetric radar utilizing specific attenuation and specific differential phase. Part I: Algorithm description . J. Hydrometeor. , 20 , 985 – 997 , https://doi.org/10.1175/JHM-D-18-0071.1 . 10.1175/JHM-D-18-0071.1 Wu , D. , and Coauthors , 2018 : Kinematics and microphysics of convection in the outer rainband of Typhoon Nida (2016) revealed by polarimetric radar . Mon. Wea. Rev. , 146 , 2147 – 2159 , https://doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-17-0320.1 . 10.1175/MWR-D-17-0320.1 Zhang , J. , and

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Arianna Cauteruccio, Enrico Chinchella, Mattia Stagnaro, and Luca G. Lanza

the gauge were stretched upward to better resolve upward air motion due to buoyancy. Thin layers were added on the gauge surface so as to better reproduce the near wall velocity profile. For fluid dynamic simulations, the fluid air was modeled as a Newtonian incompressible fluid with kinematic viscosity υ a = 1.2 × 10 −5 m 2 s −1 and density ρ a = 1.3 kg m −3 at a reference environmental temperature T a = 0°C that acts as the threshold between solid and liquid precipitation. At the inlet

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Mary M. Forrester and Reed M. Maxwell

topographic slope component ( Maxwell et al. 2016 ). The van Genuchten (1980) equations used for hydraulic relationships are given in terms of hydraulic head h as (6) S w ⁡ ( h ) = s sat − s res [ 1 + ⁡ ( α h ) n ] ⁡ ( 1 − 1 n ) + s res , (7) k r ⁡ ( h ) = { 1 − ⁡ ( α h ) n − 1 [ 1 + ⁡ ( α h ) n ] ⁡ ( 1 − 1 n ) } [ 1 + ⁡ ( α h ) β ] ⁡ ( 1 − 1 n ) / 2 . ParFlow also applies the two-dimensional kinematic wave equation as an overland flow boundary condition, and Manning’s equation establishes flow depth

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Hyun Il Choi, Xin-Zhong Liang, and Praveen Kumar

R.-M. , and Simons D. B. , 1978 : Applicability of kinematic and diffusion models . J. Hydraul. Eng. , 104 , 353 – 360 . Qian, T. , Dai A. , Trenberth K. E. , and Oleson K. W. , 2006 : Simulation of global land surface conditions from 1948 to 2004: Part I: Forcing data and evaluations . J. Hydrometeor. , 7 , 953 – 975 . Richards, L. , 1931 : Capillary conduction of liquids through porous mediums . Physics , 1 , 318 – 333 . Richter, K.-G. , and Ebel M. , 2006

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Catherine Wilcox, Claire Aly, Théo Vischel, Gérémy Panthou, Juliette Blanchet, Guillaume Quantin, and Thierry Lebel

temporal disaggregation of the cumulative event rainfall. The temporal disaggregation also includes a model of storm kinematics that consists of defining a field of hyetograph time of arrival based on prescribed storm propagation speed and direction. Fig . 1. Standard hyetograph shape from Balme et al. (2006) implemented in Stochastorm, consisting of convective and stratiform parts. 3. New developments and technical definitions The following sections detail the new features developed in Stochastorm

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Jiali Ju, Heng Dai, Chuanhao Wu, Bill X. Hu, Ming Ye, Xingyuan Chen, Dongwei Gui, Haifan Liu, and Jin Zhang

model combined with Curve Number to simulate the effect of land use change on environmental flow . J. Hydrol. , 519 , 3142 – 3152 , https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.10.049 . 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.10.049 Liu , J. , X. Chen , J. Zhang , and M. Flury , 2009 : Coupling the Xinanjiang model to a kinematic flow model based on digital drainage networks for flood forecasting . Hydrol. Processes , 23 , 1337 – 1348 , https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.7255 . 10.1002/hyp.7255 Liu , L. , T

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