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Benjamin A. Toms, Susan C. van den Heever, Emily M. Riley Dellaripa, Stephen M. Saleeby, and Eric D. Maloney

-scale interactions within the MJO. By permitting the direct representation of cloud formation, the environments within which clouds form can be analyzed according to the governing physics of the atmosphere, rather than via convective parameterizations as is typically the case in global circulation models ( Zhang and Mu 2005 ; Jiang et al. 2015 ; Moncrieff et al. 2012 ). We therefore simulate a boreal summer MJO event propagating over the Maritime Continent using a CRM to investigate whether any relationships

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Jian Ling, Yuqing Zhao, and Guiwan Chen

CNRM-CM can capture the observed evolution of the precipitation of MJO over the MC during its eastward propagation. The remaining four models produce more precipitation over land than water for both MJO-C and MJO-B. The results may indicate the interactions between the diurnal cycle in convection and the MJO propagation are not well depicted in most current GCMs. Fig . 16. (a) Zonal distributions of composited anomalous SST (K) averaged over 10°S–10°N for MJO-C and MJO-B in observations when their

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Jieshun Zhu, Arun Kumar, and Wanqiu Wang

be related to a more realistic air–sea feedback simulated in RASmod than in SASmod. b. Model experiments Initialized from the Climate Forecast System Reanalysis (CFSR; Saha et al. 2010 ) state on 1 January 1980, RASmod and SASmod were first integrated for 30 yr ( Zhu et al. 2017b ). After the 11th year of model simulation, restart files of the two free runs were saved daily for ocean (and sea ice) and every 12 h for atmosphere (and land). Based on these restart files, three sets of prediction

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Chen Li, Jing-Jia Luo, and Shuanglin Li

: 10.1002/2016GL068639 . 10.1002/2016GL068639 Walters , D. N. , and Coauthors , 2017 : The Met Office Unified Model global atmosphere 6.0/6.1 and JULES global land 6.0/6.1 configurations . Geosci. Model Dev. , doi: 10.5194/gmd-2016-194 , in press. 10.5194/gmd-10-1487-2017 Wang , B. , 1995 : Interdecadal changes in El Niño onset in the last four decades . J. Climate , 8 , 267 – 285 , doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(1995)008<0267:ICIENO>2.0.CO;2 . 10.1175/1520-0442(1995)008<0267:ICIENO>2.0.CO;2

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