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K. Fagiewicz, P. Churski, T. Herodowicz, P. Kaczmarek, P. Lupa, J. Morawska-Jancelewicz, and A. Mizgajski

plans with regard to climate change. Cocreation on mitigation and adaptation to climate change relies, to the greatest extent, on the active role of the citizens and civil society organizations in the innovation process. This has a direct impact on innovation systems that have become nonlinear, network based, and deeply rooted in a regional context ( McAdam et al. 2015 ). Sources of innovation are no longer restricted to interactions within university–industry–government in the traditional triple

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Jase Bernhardt

). It is no surprise then that farmers, and others who directly subsist off the land or sea, often provide detailed accounts of day-to-day weather conditions, and longer-term climate trends, in their diaries and journals ( Joly 2011 ). Surviving records from past centuries highlight the utility of such accounts, especially during times and/or in locations where other data are sparse or nonexistent. Ship logs are a particularly good source of climatic data for the presatellite era. Catchpole and

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Benjamin Sultan, Bruno Barbier, Jeanne Fortilus, Serigne Modou Mbaye, and Grégoire Leclerc

predictability of seasonal climate fluctuations has been achieved for many parts of the world ( Hansen 2002 ) by using comprehensive coupled models of the atmosphere, oceans, and land surface ( Palmer et al. 2004 ) or regional statistical schemes ( Ward 1998 ; Fontaine et al. 1999 ; Ogallo et al. 2000 ; Ward et al. 2004 ). In addition, the general circulation models are now able to produce plausible long-run climate change scenarios in response to various evolutions of greenhouse gas concentrations

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Jadwiga R. Ziolkowska, Christopher A. Fiebrich, J. D. Carlson, Andrea D. Melvin, Albert J. Sutherland, Kevin A. Kloesel, Gary D. McManus, Bradley G. Illston, James E. Hocker, and Reuben Reyes

-dryline variability: A case study . Mon. Wea. Rev. , 125 , 231 – 251 , doi: 10.1175/1520-0493(1997)125<0231:STDIRT>2.0.CO;2 . 10.1175/1520-0493(1997)125<0231:STDIRT>2.0.CO;2 Haugland , M. J. , and K. C. Crawford , 2005 : The diurnal cycle of land–atmosphere interactions across Oklahoma’s winter wheat belt . Mon. Wea. Rev. , 133 , 120 – 130 , doi: 10.1175/MWR-2842.1 . 10.1175/MWR-2842.1 Hughes , T. W. , M. Shafer , T. Simonsen , J. Traurig , N. Mirsky , S. J. Stadler , and P. G. Earls , 2002

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Samuel J. Childs, Russ S. Schumacher, and Stephen M. Strader

atmosphere for severe weather but also the numerous socioeconomic factors that affect the public’s ability to receive and respond to warning messages, as well as cope with the impacts ( Changnon et al. 2000 ; Pielke and Mills 2005 ; Bouwer 2011 ; Ashley et al. 2014 ; Visser et al. 2014 ; Strader et al. 2017 ). These societal factors also influence the evolution of population and development patterns and thus the number of people exposed to tornadoes and severe hailstorms. This research aims to

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Alicia Azpeleta Tarancón, Yeon-Su Kim, Thora Padilla, Peter Z. Fulé, and Andrew J. Sánchez Meador

moisture reduction and the high amount and continuity of dry coarse fuels ( Westerling et al. 2006 ; Anderegg et al. 2012 ). In these drier and hotter conditions, wildfires have become uncharacteristically severe, intense and widespread ( Westerling et al. 2006 ; Singleton et al. 2019 ). Stand-replacing fires not only reduce timber values and culturally important resources [e.g., teepee (tepee) pole] but also release the carbon stored in trees to the atmosphere in the form of CO 2 , becoming a

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Randy A. Peppler

the natural world that values the meaning of activities and occurrences in the world. Cajete (2001) cautions, though, that it is necessary to move beyond the valorization and patronization of indigenous knowledge because these “inadvertently can lead to the marginalization of the most profound indigenous epistemologies regarding interaction of human beings and nature” (p. 637). Agrawal (1995) provides a useful postscript to this discussion, believing strongly that we need to move beyond the

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A. Bonazzi, A. L. Dobbin, J. K. Turner, P. S. Wilson, C. Mitas, and E. Bellone

—and simulated—at 6-hourly intervals, landfall intensity is taken as V max at the closest track point before landfall to avoid any contamination of the intensity measure due to wind–land interactions. The U.S. coastline is divided into gates of uniform length, roughly 100 km, from just below the Mexico–Texas border to just above the Maine–Canada border. Albeit gates do not exactly follow the coastline, we consider it extremely likely that any track crossing a gate will eventually make landfall into the

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R. H. Moss, S. Avery, K. Baja, M. Burkett, A. M. Chischilly, J. Dell, P. A. Fleming, K. Geil, K. Jacobs, A. Jones, K. Knowlton, J. Koh, M. C. Lemos, J. Melillo, R. Pandya, T. C. Richmond, L. Scarlett, J. Snyder, M. Stults, A. M. Waple, J. Whitehead, D. Zarrilli, B. M. Ayyub, J. Fox, A. Ganguly, L. Joppa, S. Julius, P. Kirshen, R. Kreutter, A. McGovern, R. Meyer, J. Neumann, W. Solecki, J. Smith, P. Tissot, G. Yohe, and R. Zimmerman

temperatures, reduced snowpack, and more frequent “sunny day” nuisance flooding are also having substantial impacts, especially as they interact with other long-term trends such as subsidence of land in coastal areas, expansion of paved surfaces and human settlement, and degradation of ecosystems and vital natural resources. The disruption to communities and lives in both rural and urban areas is widespread, with a particular burden on the working poor (especially those whose livelihoods are directly tied

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Vladimir Janković and David M. Schultz

peril that goes beyond their limited individual impact. Thus, atmosfear consolidates assumptions, values, and apprehension about the atmosphere in a state of a long-term, unpredictable, human-induced excitability. As we argue below, such values and apprehensions, whether or not warranted by scientific results, are expected to play a role in mobilizing public and political support for climate change policies, particularly (if not exclusively) those formulated around the mitigation of greenhouse gas

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