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James L. Franklin and Daniel P. Brown

, were felt elsewhere in the basin. Alberto affected western Cuba, and Ernesto produced heavy rainfall in portions of Cuba, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic, with five deaths resulting from Ernesto’s rains in Haiti. Florence brought hurricane conditions to Bermuda, and after losing tropical characteristics also brought hurricane-force winds to portions of Newfoundland. Gordon was the first hurricane to affect the Azores since 1991. The lack of hurricane landfalls on the North American continent in

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Michael J. Brennan, Richard D. Knabb, Michelle Mainelli, and Todd B. Kimberlain

, paired with a strong and persistent eastern North American ridge during the August–October period, enhanced the vertical wind shear and resulted in anomalous sinking motion over much of the basin ( Fig. 1 ). Although not characteristic of La Niña hurricane seasons, the observed large-scale circulation anomalies likely resulted in a below average ACE, few strong hurricanes, and a large number of weak but short-lived storms. Atlantic basin tropical cyclones during 2007 had devastating effects

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John L. Beven II, Lixion A. Avila, Eric S. Blake, Daniel P. Brown, James L. Franklin, Richard D. Knabb, Richard J. Pasch, Jamie R. Rhome, and Stacy R. Stewart

winds at 1800 UTC 10 June. After landfall, Arlene spread 75–175 mm of rain over the central and eastern United States with a maximum reported total of 249.9 mm at Lake Toxaway, North Carolina. A Russian exchange student died in a rip current triggered by Arlene on 10 June at Miami Beach. The storm caused minimal property damage. b. Tropical Storm Bret Bret formed from a tropical wave accompanied by a weak area of surface low pressure that crossed Central America and eastern Mexico during 24–27 June

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Neil L. Frank and Gilbert Clark

) This was only the second time this century therewere no named storms in the Caribbean or Gulf ofMexico. 2) Emmy and Frances both recurred toward theeast at very low latitudes. This was a response to thedevelopment of a large barodinic cyclone north ofEmmy that moved eastward and became quasi-stationary over the Azores. The combination of this cyclonewith Emmy and Frances produced extremely low negative anomalies in the height pattern over the centralAtlantic that persisted from late August to

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Neil L. Frank

-level cloud motion vectors superimposed on an ATS 3 picture of an "inverted V" cloud pattern. Tlxe picture was taken at 1500 GNT 27 July 1971.the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic north of latitude20-N. The Atlantic and eastern Pacific storms thatwere initiated by Atlantic seedlings are listed in thelast four columns. Table 2 summarizes the systems according to typeand geographical area of formation. The numbers inparentheses indicate systems that were counted in aweaker stage of development

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R. A. Maddox, D. M. Rodgers, and K. W. Howard

floodingHail, wind, heavy rainWind, hail, flooding, heavy rainWind, hailNone reportedof the 23 systems that occurred during 1981. TheMCC in Fig. 2a is the eastern convective region centered over Missouri; the strong jet-stream which intensified to the north and east of this MCC had significant impacts on cross-country commercial aviation flights (for details refer to Maddox and Fritsch,1982). Fig. 2c shows double MCC systems over thesouth-central United States. The eastern complex.over Arkansas is in a

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