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Barbara Millet, Andrew P. Carter, Kenneth Broad, Alberto Cairo, Scotney D. Evans, and Sharanya J. Majumdar

; Dueñas-Osorio et al. 2012 ). Residents may evacuate when they do not live in an evacuation zone ( Dueñas-Osorio et al. 2012 ). Meyer et al. (2014) found that residents overestimated the likelihood they would experience hurricane-force winds by an average factor of 5, although only a small percentage thought they would experience personal harm. Commonly the public will simultaneously overestimate the possibility of, or damages from, hurricane-force winds while underestimating the dangers posed by

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Rob Bellamy and Mike Hulme

change therefore presents a new challenge for decision-making, forcing humanity to explore their ontological beliefs about the benign stability of the planet and their personal values—or “ways of life”—in a setting simultaneously characterized by great uncertainty and potential danger. Surprisingly, however, very little is known about how the risks of abrupt climate change—as distinct to the risks of climate change in general—are perceived ( Lowe et al. 2006 ). In this article, we explore the

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Vladimir Janković and David M. Schultz

their destructive force upon human settlements and populations, global climate change will remain on the public’s agenda ” (emphasis ours). As these citations imply, attribution represents welcome evidence for a much needed action on climate change, and any effort to provide a demonstrable proof of the relationship between severe weather events and anthropogenic climate change would be valuable to those in the political and public arenas arguing for greater governmental action. 3. What is atmosfear

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Brent Boehlert, Ellen Fitzgerald, James E. Neumann, Kenneth M. Strzepek, and Jeremy Martinich

provides information on the characteristics of each emissions scenario in 2100. Similar to the representative concentration pathways (RCPs) used by IPCC in its Fifth Assessment Report, the Climate Change Impacts and Risk Analysis (CIRA) project scenarios are based on different GHG emissions and different trajectories of radiative forcing—a metric of the additional heat added to Earth’s climate system caused by anthropogenic and natural emissions. These three scenarios include a business-as-usual future

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P. Zion Klos, John T. Abatzoglou, Alycia Bean, Jarod Blades, Melissa A. Clark, Megan Dodd, Troy E. Hall, Amanda Haruch, Philip E. Higuera, Joseph D. Holbrook, Vincent S. Jansen, Kerry Kemp, Amber Lankford, Timothy E. Link, Troy Magney, Arjan J. H. Meddens, Liza Mitchell, Brandon Moore, Penelope Morgan, Beth A. Newingham, Ryan J. Niemeyer, Ben Soderquist, Alexis A. Suazo, Kerri T. Vierling, Von Walden, and Chelsea Walsh

based on a criterion of both high interest to end users, as indicated by the survey results, and available data. Indicators were classified into three categories: climatological, hydrological, and ecological. A comparative analysis of climate-related trends was conducted over the time period of 1975–2010, as 1) it covers the period of most noted anthropogenic forcing and increases in global mean temperature (e.g., Lean 2010 ), 2) most indicators have complete data over this time span, and 3) the

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Asher Siebert

, but shortly after the Last Glacial Maximum, it was considerably wetter ( Beyerle et al. 2003 ; deMenocal et al. 2000 ). Some of these transitions were quite abrupt and were forced by a combination of orbital forcing and the complex interaction of land surface, ocean, and atmospheric forcing ( Gasse 2000 ). This part of Africa is also prone to large decadal and multidecadal fluctuations in precipitation. In the relatively recent past, over the later portion of the twentieth century and into the

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Kirsti Jylhä, Heikki Tuomenvirta, Kimmo Ruosteenoja, Hanna Niemi-Hugaerts, Krista Keisu, and Juha A. Karhu

B1 scenario, emissions of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) and other GHGs increase only slowly up to the 2040s and then start to reduce in time, resulting in a not larger than 1.5-fold concentration of CO 2 in the atmosphere and a threefold total radiative forcing in 2100 compared to those in 2000 ( Fig. 1 ). Hence, B1 may be used as a surrogate for mitigation scenarios. In the A2 scenario, GHG emissions increase continuously, producing as large as 2.3-fold CO 2 concentrations and a sixfold radiative

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Christopher T. Emrich and Susan L. Cutter

Administration 2007 ). Research indicates that the average diameter of hurricane force winds is 100 miles ( Willoughby 2007 ). Accordingly, we defined the hurricane wind impact areas as 50 miles on either side of the linear historic hurricane track. After mapping the tracks, we created a 50-mile spatial buffer and computed the amount of land area within the hurricane wind impact zone for each county. The amount of land in the hurricane wind zone divided by the total land area in the county produced the

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Emmanuel Nyadzi, E. Saskia Werners, Robbert Biesbroek, Phi Hoang Long, Wietse Franssen, and Fulco Ludwig

temperature (Tmin), and maximum temperature (Tmax) were collected from ECMWF-S4. The data are from an ensemble of 15 members at approximately 0.75° horizontal resolution. The data initialization used for this analysis starts on the first day of every month from 1981 to 2010. Each of the 15 ensemble members provides forecasts of up to 7 months. Also, 30 years (1981 to 2010) of Water and Global Change (WATCH) forcing data and ERA-Interim daily data (jointly referred to as WFDEI) of the same variables (Prcp

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Hannah Torres and Kamal Alsharif

executive order to integrate resilience into international development programs; the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development launched a $1 billion (U.S. dollars) National Disaster Resilience Competition for cities; the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) released a U.S. Climate Resilience Toolkit; the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) announced a Global Resilience Partnership; and President Obama initiated a Task Force on Climate Preparedness and Resilience

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