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Alex Lascaratos and Miroslav Gačić

522 JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY VOLUblE20Low-Frequency Sea Level Variability in the Northeastern Mediterranean ALEX LASCARATOSUniversity of Athens, Department of Applied Physics, Athens, Greece MIROSLAV GA~I~Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Split, Yugoslavia(Manuscript received 3 October 1988, in final form 9 October 1989) Analyse/of time series of one year of sea

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M. Astraldi, G. P. Gasparini, L. Gervasio, and E. Salusti

Sea. Recently a vein with slightly different characteristics was observed to flow immediately over the sea bottom, following approximately the same route as LIW ( Astraldi et al. 1996 ). This dense water, fresher and colder than LIW, is present in the Ionian Sea filling the transitional layer between LIW and Eastern Mediterranean Deep Water. It was referred ( Sparnocchia et al. 1999 ) to it as transitional Eastern Mediterranean Deep Water (tEMDW) but in the following we call it EMDW. At the

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Annarita Mariotti, Maria Vittoria Struglia, Ning Zeng, and K-M. Lau

Gibraltar Strait ( Reid 1979 ; Hecht et al. 1997 ; Johnson 1997 ). The Mediterranean Sea is also an important source of atmospheric moisture and the characteristics of the local water budget influence the amount of moisture that flows into northeast Africa and the Middle East ( Peixoto et al. 1982 ; Ward 1998 ). Consequently, an improved knowledge of the Mediterranean hydrological cycle and its variability could yield important socioeconomic benefits to these areas. Large-scale water budget studies

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Andrew F. Bunker

JULY1972 ANDREW F. BUNKER 225Wintertime Interactions of the Atmosphere with the Mediterranean Sea~,2 ANDREW F. BUNKERWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Mass. 02543(Manuscript received 17 December 1971, in revised form 3 March 1972) ABSTRACT The net loss of heat by the Mediterranean Sea was determined for February 1969 while

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Maria Vittoria Struglia, Annarita Mariotti, and Angelo Filograsso

1. Introduction River discharge is one of the five components of the Mediterranean Sea water budget, together with the net inflow of Atlantic water through the Strait of Gibraltar that from the Black Sea at the Dardanelles Strait, evaporation, and precipitation. In terms of absolute values, river discharge ( R ) represents the smallest contribution to this budget. In fact, climatological annual mean discharge is less than 20% of the atmospheric water budget evaporation minus precipitation ( E

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Didier Ricard, Véronique Ducrocq, and Ludovic Auger

1. Introduction The western Mediterranean Sea region is regularly affected by heavily precipitating events (HPEs) potentially associated with devastating flash floods (e.g., Sénési et al. 1996 ; Romero et al. 2000 ; Ferretti et al. 2000 ; Argence et al. 2008 ). Among other areas (eastern Spain, Italy, and northern Africa), southern France is particularly exposed to this hydrometeorological hazard. Figure 1a , showing the locations of maxima of daily precipitation above 150 mm during a 40

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Milena Veneziani, Annalisa Griffa, and Pierre-Marie Poulain

subbasin of the Mediterranean Sea, where a significant historical drifter dataset has been collected over the years (e.g., Poulain 2001 ). We focus on the region of a new experiment that is presently being planned, the Dynamics of the Adriatic in Real Time (DART; see information online at http://oceans.deas.harvard.edu/haley/DART05 ). The DART region is in the coastal area of the middle Adriatic, close to the Gargano Cape. It is an area with strong topographic control and significant mesoscale

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Gianmaria Sannino, Lawrence Pratt, and Adriana Carillo

Atlantic down to a depth of ∼1000 m where it becomes neutrally buoyant ( Baringer and Price 1997 ; Ambar et al. 2002 ). While the excess evaporation over precipitation and river runoff that takes place in the Mediterranean Sea drives this mean circulation, its magnitude and hydrological properties strongly depend on the physical configuration of the strait ( Bryden and Stommel 1984 ). In fact, it is well known that the Strait of Gibraltar is a place where the water exchange is subject to hydraulic

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Briac Le Vu, Alexandre Stegner, and Thomas Arsouze

-lived Agulhas Rings control the global transport in the Southern Ocean ( Dencausse et al. 2010 ; Laxenaire et al. 2017, manuscript submitted to Geophys. Res. Lett. ). In the Mediterranean Sea, the mean cyclonic pathways of the Algerian eddies ( Escudier et al. 2016 ) have an impact on the regional transport of Atlantic water and Levantine Intermediate Water in the Algerian Basin. Additionally, mesoscale eddies can have a profound influence on biological productivity and on the upper-ocean ecology and

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Weiyi Sun, Bin Wang, Qiong Zhang, Deliang Chen, Guonian Lu, and Jian Liu

flux (figure not shown), contributing to the surface cooling over 5°–12°N ( Fig. 6b ), which induces the anomalous north–south temperature gradient over eastern North Africa. Then the low-level southwesterly anomalies are formed, transporting the moisture from eastern tropical Africa and the Red Sea into the ME region ( Fig. 6c ). Meanwhile, the water vapor is also transported from the Mediterranean region into the ME region through the mid- to upper-level westerly anomalies induced by the enhanced

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