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Michael A. Filimon and Daniel L. Codiga

monitors ship traffic from marine vessels, ground stations, and aircraft using very high frequency (VHF) radio ( Arroyo 2011 ), and is required on commercial vessels over 300 tons and all passenger vessels. Vessel information, such as position, speed, and heading, is transmitted and recorded in real time. Equipping a MASC with AIS is straightforward and helps ensure its detection by other AIS-equipped vessels, and vice versa. This paper presents a method applicable to MASC deployment planning in the

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CLARENCE J. ROOT

-L ,be fruitful of valuable results.CITY PLANNING AND THE PREVAILING WINDS.C~LAREKCE J. ROOT, Meteorologist.[Weather Bureau Oflice, Fpringfield, Ill., July 17,1923.]Much interest has been manifested during recent years in the city planning and zoning movement. The plan- ning of cities is hardly a modern idea. As long ago as1789 Maj. Pierre Charles L'Enfant, an engineer officer who had served with our troops in the Revolution, was commissioned to lay out a capital city for the young Nation. Washi

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Roland R. Draxler

MARCH 1996 NOTES AND CORRESPONDENCE 111 Trajectory Optimization for Balloon Flight Planning ROLAND R. DRAXLER NOAA/ Air Resources Laboratory, Silver Spring, Maryland 10 July 1995 and 10 October 1995 ABSTRACT The recent solo transpacific balloon flight was used as a test case to evaluate multiple trajectory techniquesto select different pathways based upon potential variations in balloon altitudes. Altitude changes between 3 and8 km above ground resulted in predicted ending locations varying

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This appendix is the executive summary of the 1990 Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Plan (DOE/ER-0442; available online at https://www.arm.gov/publications/programdocs/doe-er-0442.pdf ) sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Research. The text has been edited to conform to the style of the American Meteorological Society, but the content is otherwise unchanged from the original document. Foreword In 1978 the Department of Energy initiated the Carbon Dioxide

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Stanley A. Changnon Jr. and Richard G. Semonin

Illinois is completing a comprehensive statewide water plan. The plan selects three atmospheric issues, among the 11 identified as key issues facing the state's water resources. The issues selected include climate change and prediction, inadvertent weather and climate modification, and planned weather modification. Each atmospheric issue presents major resource or policy problems, with capabilities needed to enhance the quality and/or quantity of the state's waters. The identification of these atmospheric issues reveals awareness at the policy level of their importance. Policy and programmatic needs found to be common to each issue include 1) collection of more data and continued research (with an increasing state role); 2) coordinated policy development around atmospheric expertise from several agencies and universities; and 3) an expanded public information program. A Climate Detection and Assistance Board is to be established in Illinois to provide the planning, coordination, and assistance needed to address atmospheric issues.

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HURD C. WILLETT

MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEWEditor, ALFRED J. HENRYVOL. 6Q, No. 6W. B. No. 1050 JUNE, 1931 CLO0ED AUQU0T 3, 1931I0SUED SEPTEMBER 4,1931GROUND PLAN OF A DYNAMIC METEOROLOGYBy HURD C. WILLETT[Woods Hole 0cesno~r.iphic InsLtution. Wowls Hole. hiss., Jul? 10, 13311This is a summary of a discussion recently presented a t a meeting of the New England branch of the AmericanMeteorological Society held at the Massachusetts Insti- tute of Technology in Cambridge.The discussion was based on T. Bergerons recent

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Kremena Darmenova, Duane Apling, Glenn Higgins, Philip Hayes, and Heather Kiley

uncertainty relative to temperature projections. Nonetheless, the Southwest is one of the few regions globally for which there is consistent agreement among the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) projections, which point to a decrease in streamflow and an increase in drought conditions ( Dominguez et al. 2010 ). Over the next 10–50 years, policy makers in the Southwest are facing complex planning and policy issues associated with increasing water and energy demand as a result of warmer

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Shannon M. McNeeley and Heather Lazrus

levels, and institutional cultures also carry significance for addressing climate adaptation, for example, informing how priorities and metrics for success are set and evaluated. While still understudied, climate researchers are increasingly recognizing that culture is critical to understand in order to address climate change through adaptation (and mitigation) policy and planning measures ( Gerlach and Rayner 1988 ; Rayner 1991 ; O’Riordan and Jordan 1999 ; Kahan and Braman 2006 ; Adger et al

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Henry J. F. Penn, S. Craig Gerlach, and Philip A. Loring

). Fig . 1. Map of Bristol Bay, Alaska, with major communities highlighted. Our research involved semistructured interviews and community tours with a total of 12 city managers and planners, public works managers, and water and sanitation infrastructure operators. Interviews were done with individuals and small groups and were informal, guided only by general talking points about the challenges facing community infrastructure, management, and planning. Direct observation of and work with people

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Kerstin K. Zander, Simon Moss, and Stephen T. Garnett

, feel certain about their future and so are able to plan ahead, have supportive and rewarding social relationships, and feel competent and capable in the activities that are important to them. We also hypothesize that those with higher SWB are less affected by heat stress in their daily activities, here measured as percentage productivity loss when heat stressed. Given the strength of evidence that happiness positively affects performance (e.g., Zelenski et al. 2008; Oswald et al. 2015 ; Bryson et

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