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Rob Bellamy and Mike Hulme

would largely come as sudden surprises, comparing anthropogenic influences on climate to playing Russian roulette ( Broecker 1987 ). The idea of abrupt climate change has since evolved to become as much, if not more, of a social phenomenon than it has a scientific one. Questions about abrupt climate change are motivated not only by scientific curiosity, but by social, political, ethical, and cultural concerns about their potential impacts and how to mitigate them. The possibility of abrupt climate

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Lisa Dilling, Kirsten Lackstrom, Benjamin Haywood, Kirstin Dow, Maria Carmen Lemos, John Berggren, and Scott Kalafatis

and in resources and technologies” ( Adger et al. 2007 , p. 727). Many scholars have suggested that access to information is critical among theorized determinants of adaptive capacity ( Eakin et al. 2011 ; Smit and Wandel 2006 ; Yohe and Tol 2002 ). The rationale is that stakeholders armed with salient, credible, and legitimate information can make better-informed decisions about how to prepare and respond to climate impacts ( Cash et al. 2006 ; Jacobs et al. 2010 ). And while this assumption

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Mary H. Hayden, Olga V. Wilhelmi, Deborah Banerjee, Tamara Greasby, Jamie L. Cavanaugh, Vishnu Nepal, Jennifer Boehnert, Stephan Sain, Crystal Burghardt, and Stephanie Gower

1. Introduction Extreme heat is a leading cause of weather-related human mortality in the United States ( NOAA 2016 ) and many countries worldwide ( Hajat and Kosatsky 2010 ). Heat-related negative health outcomes typically occur when daily temperatures exceed a normal range for a given climate, local setting, and availability of adaptations ( Patz et al. 2005 ; McMichael et al. 2006 ). Societal vulnerability often determines the magnitude and the distribution of negative impacts of extreme

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Shadya Sanders, Terri Adams, and Everette Joseph

-00048.1 . 10.1175/WCAS-D-11-00048.1 Sherman-Morris , K. , 2010 : Tornado warning dissemination and response at a university campus . Nat. Hazards , 52 , 623 – 638 , . 10.1007/s11069-009-9405-0 Simmons , K. M. , and D. Sutter , 2011 : Economic and Societal Impacts of Tornadoes . Amer. Meteor. Soc., 282 pp . 10.1007/978-1-935704-02-7 Simmons , K. M. , and D. Sutter , 2012a : Deadly Season: Analyzing the 2011 Tornado Outbreaks . Amer. Meteor. Soc

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Coleen Vogel, Ingrid Koch, and Koos Van Zyl

:// ] . Glantz, M. H. , Betsill M. , and Crandall K. , 1997 : Food security in Southern Africa: Assessing the use and value of ENSO information. Environmental and Societal Impacts Group, National Centre for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO . Government of South Africa , 2002 : Disaster Management Act, No. 57. Government Gazette . Hall, P. A. , and Taylor R. C. R. , 1998 : The potential of historical institutionalism: A response to Hay and Wincott. Political Stud

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Debbie Hopkins

argued that this relative vulnerability is an opportunity for Queenstown's ski industry ( Hennessy et al. 2007 ; Hendrikx et al. 2013 ). In terms of climate change impacts arising from increased average temperatures (and other manifestations), several reported impacts will directly affect New Zealand's ski industry including fewer cold temperatures and frosts, increased westerly wind flow, long-term reduction in ice volume and glacier length, and a decrease in the duration of seasonal snow ( NIWA

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Susan Joslyn and Raoni Demnitz

response has failed to materialize in the United States ( Bierbaum et al. 2013 ; Leiserowitz et al. 2013 ). Although there are many possible reasons for the lack of public response, here we investigate the impact of climate communication strategies on two of them: public distrust in the information about climate change coming from the scientific community and lack of concern about the consequences of climate change. Despite a wealth of evidence to the contrary, a full 30% of Americans are not sure

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D. W. Wanik, E. N. Anagnostou, M. Astitha, B. M. Hartman, G. M. Lackmann, J. Yang, D. Cerrai, J. He, and M. E. B. Frediani

al. 2013 ). In addition to impacts of the economy, utilities can also incur direct costs from tens to hundreds of millions of dollars for labor and equipment because of the storm ( Northeast Utilities 2013 ). Given that Sandy was particularly impactful for utilities in the mid-Atlantic states and New England ( Henry and Ramirez-Marquez 2016 ), in this paper, we present a proof of concept for assessing the impacts of Sandy within a future climate scenario as it pertains to overhead electric

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Aaron M. McCright, Riley E. Dunlap, and Chenyang Xiao

al. (2011) and McCright et al. (2013) , using nationally representative survey data from 2010 and 2012, respectively, find that misperception of scientific agreement on ACC is associated with lower levels of support for governmental policies to ameliorate ACC. Indeed, both studies report that misperception of scientific agreement is a critical factor for reducing support for climate policy, and that this relationship is mediated by beliefs about the timing, cause, and impacts of global warming

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Savin S. Chand, Lynda E. Chambers, Mike Waiwai, Philip Malsale, and Elisabeth Thompson

for vital infrastructure, facilities, agriculture, and food security in PIC communities (e.g., Mimura et al. 2007 ; Mercer et al. 2007 ). For example, timely and accurate forecasts of weather can have considerable societal and economic benefits in terms of making more effective and coordinated disaster-management decisions. More importantly, tailoring forecasts to local needs can help rural farmers, for example, by adopting appropriate agricultural practices such as adjusting harvesting and

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