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Jason A. Otkin, Tonya Haigh, Anthony Mucia, Martha C. Anderson, and Christopher Hain

Infiltration Capacity ( Liang et al. 1996 ), and Mosaic ( Koster and Suarez 1996 ) models. Each of these land surface models simulates changes in soil moisture content at different soil depths using energy and water balance equations. Different approximations for key processes in each model mean that the soil moisture response often varies between models for the same atmospheric forcing. Xia et al. (2014) have shown that the ensemble mean of these models provides a more accurate representation of soil

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Melissa C. K. Phillips, Adam B. Cinderich, Jennifer L. Burrell, Jennifer L. Ruper, Rachel G. Will, and Scott C. Sheridan

1. Introduction Societal perceptions of climate change are often shaped by photographs, videos, eyewitness accounts, and the media ( Wilson 2000 ). The resulting perceptions that are formed include views on whether climate change is occurring, whether climate change is due to natural forces or anthropogenic forcing, and whether these changes affect the frequency, intensity, and/or duration of various natural disasters. The stances of the general public on these viewpoints can vary drastically

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Daniel S. Wilks and Kenneth A. Horowitz

.S. hurricane landfall is vanishingly small. During the hurricane season, market activity is suspended if and when a hurricane watch for one or more of the coastline segments has been issued by the NHC, meaning that the onset of hurricane force winds are possible and that tropical storm force or stronger wind conditions are anticipated within (approximately) 48 h. At that point it is far from clear which coastline segment, if any, will receive a hurricane strike, so these suspensions prevent the parimutuel

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Mark L. Harvey and Victoria MacPhee

desire for modern comforts, such as air conditioning, predicts a preference for indoor environments and less preference for wilderness. The seduction of digital screens ( Larson et al. 2011 ) and excessive television use ( Nielsen 2019 ) may further inhibit outdoor time. A distal yet pervasive force, culture also influences decisions to go and stay outdoors. For example, Native American’s outdoor activity participation rates are higher than Caucasian Americans ( Burger et al. 2012 ), in part because

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Basanta Raj Adhikari

including Nepal police, Nepal armed police force, regional emergency operating centers, and district administration offices covering all Nepal. The data consist of deaths, affected population, and economic loss of all 75 districts of Nepal from 1971 to 2019. The downloaded data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS, version 23) and geographic information system (ArcGIS) tools. The descriptive analysis on different attributes such as fatality number, affected number, economic

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Brian C. Zachry, William J. Booth, Jamie R. Rhome, and Tarah M. Sharon

, S. L. , Baig S. , Bourassa M. A. , Dukhovskoy D. S. , and O'Brien J. J. , 2006 : Remote forcing contribution to storm-induced sea level rise during Hurricane Dennis . Geophys. Res. Lett. , 33 , L19603 , doi: 10.1029/2006GL027021 . Morrow, B. H. , Rhome J. , Lazo J. , and Gladwin H. , 2011 : Improving storm-surge communication . Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. , 92 , 965 – 966 . Morrow, B. H. , Lazo J. K. , Rhome J. , and Feyen J. , 2015 : Improving storm surge risk

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Samuel J. Childs, Russ S. Schumacher, and Stephen M. Strader

. For a thorough description of the model setup, see Hoogewind et al. (2017) . The convective proxies include hourly maxima of 2–5-km UH, UVV (in the lowest 400 hPa), GRPL, and the Air Force Weather Agency Tornado (AFWATor) and Hail (AFWAHail) parameters. The AFWA parameters are part of a larger group of diagnostics used in the AFWA Mesoscale Ensemble Prediction Suite, which were incorporated into WRF starting with version 3.6 ( Creighton et al. 2014 ) and have been used in various simulations of

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Melanie Brown and Dominique Bachelet

4/art33/ .] Kemp, K. B. , Blades J. J. , Klos P. Z. , Hall T. E. , Force J. E. , Morgan P. , and Tinkham W. T. , 2015 : Managing for climate change on federal lands of the western United States: Perceived usefulness of climate science, effectiveness of adaptation strategies, and barriers to implementation . Ecol. Soc. , 20 , 17 , doi: 10.5751/ES-07522-200217 . Kirchhoff, C. J. , Lemos M. C. , and Dessai S. , 2013 : Actionable knowledge for environmental decision making

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J. S. Becker, H. L. Taylor, B. J. Doody, K. C Wright, E. Gruntfest, and D. Webber

focus on deterring people from entering floodwater These included the U.S.-based “Turn Around, Don’t Drown” ( NOAA National Weather Service 2006 ), Ditch Playing in Ditches ( City of Colorado Springs 2010 ), Clark County Regional Flood Control District (CCRFCD) ( Clark County Regional Flood Control District 2009 ), “Ditches are Deadly: Swim and Play in Safe Places” ( Ditch and Water Safety Task Force 2014 ) awareness campaign, and the previously existing Australian-based Mates for Life (M8s4life

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David Samuel Williams

by another ( Castoriadis 1975 ). The concept of hegemony was defined and developed as expressing the type of political relation and applied to understand concrete social formations ( Laclau and Mouffe 1985 ). Crucially, hegemony was used to explain the patterns of class domination not only being determined by physical force but also through cultural and ideological acquiescence ( Gramsci 1992 ). Cultural and ideological acquiescence are closely connected to shared knowledge, beliefs, values, and

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