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H. J. Cooper, M. Garstang, and J. Simpson

486 MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW VOLUMEII0The Diurnal Interaction Between Convection and Peninsular=Scale Forcing Over South Florida H. J. COOPERl, M. GARSTANG AND J. SIMPSON1Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Virginia, Charlottesville 22905(Manuscript received 12 May 1981, in final form 24 Fobruary 1982) ABSTRACT Surface wind

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Jayesh Phadtare and G. S. Bhat

(topographic) features even when synoptic forcing is absent or weak. Their number may be relatively a few but they can cause severe weather over a limited area. Does a strong synoptic forcing produce anomalously large/long-lived MCSs ( Machado et al. 1992 ; Nguyen and Duvel 2008 ; Berthet et al. 2017 ) or more number of MCSs without affecting the size/lifespan distribution ( Dias et al. 2017 )? Basically, how do the characteristics of MCSs (e.g., size, lifespan, and height) that form during the periods

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Timothy Glotfelty, Kiran Alapaty, Jian He, Patrick Hawbecker, Xiaoliang Song, and Guang Zhang

of 2001–10 using greenhouse gases emissions from the representation concentration pathway scenario with anthropogenic forcing stabilizing at 4.5 W m −2 (RCP4.5) by 2100 ( Glotfelty et al. 2017b ). The aerosol concentrations from this decadal simulation are averaged into a monthly aerosol climatology, and the aerosol species from CESM-NCSU are mapped into 11 bulk aerosol species used in the SZ11 microphysics package according to Table S1 in the supplemental material. The aerosol climatology

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Michael J. Revell, John W. Kidson, and George N. Kiladis

) provide support for pieces of this overall picture. Recently Renwick and Revell (1999) presented observational and modeling evidence that blocking in the South Pacific could be the result of a preferred Rossby wave path, originating in the subtropical jet just west of Australia and extending south and east to South America, forced by a dipole of divergence and convergence in the Tropics. The strong suggestion is that this blocking pattern is the rotational response to a particular divergent forcing

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Christelle Escoffier and Christine Provost

MAY 1995 ESCOFF1ER AND PROVOST 1269Wind Forcing over the Southwest Atlantic: Comparison between Observations and ECMWF Analyses CHRISTELLE ESCOFFIER AND CHRISTINE PROVOSTCentre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Laboratoire d'Ocdanographie Dynamique et Climatologie, Universitd Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France (Manuscript received 5 July 1994, in

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William H. Raymond, William S. Olson, and Geary Callan

366MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEWVOLUME 123Diabatic Forcing and Initialization with Assimilation of Cloud Water and ,Rainwater in a Forecast Model WILLIAM H. RAYMOND AND WILLIAM S. OLSON*Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin ~JEARY CALLANNational Environmental Satellite Dam and Information Service ( NOAA ), Madison, Wisconsin(Manuscript received 25 August 1993, in final form 8 June 1994

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Michael T. Shields, Robert M. Rauber, and Mohan K. Ramamurthy

936 MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW VOLUbIE Ii9Dynamical Forcing and Mesoscale Organization of Precipitation Bands in a Midwest Winter Cyclonic StormMICHAEL T. SHIELDS,* ROBERT M. RAUBER AND MOHAN K. RAMAMURTHYDepartment of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana. Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801(Manuscript received 11 April 1990, in final form

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Wayne E. Sangster

1358 MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW VOLUM~IISAn Improved Technique for Computing the Horizontal Pressure-Gradient Force at the Earth's Surface WAYNE E. SAN(JSTERNational Weather Service Central Region, Scientific Services Division, Kansas City. MO 64106(Manuscript received'4 April 1986, in final form 22 December 1986) On convenlional surface analyses, sea level isobars allow a

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B. F. Groat

JULY, 1899. MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW. 306say that that opinion no longer prevails, and among the rea quirements hereafter of a .well-appointed establishment wilybe a properly constructed storm cave.-------THE FORCE OF A TORNADO.By B. F. GROAT, Instructor in Mecbanlcs. School of Mines, Uuiversity cf MinnesotaDated, MIiuueapolls, July 24, 18W.About forty hours after the recent tornado of June 12, aiNew Richmond, Wis., the writer and Mr. Peter Christiansonalso of the University of Minnesota, visited

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Vito Pagnotti and Lance F. Bosart

VOLUME 112 MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW JANUARY 1984Comparative Diagnostic Case Study of East Coast Secondary Cyclogenesis under Weak Versus Strong Synoptic-Scale Forcing VITO PAGNOTTIl AND LANCE F. BOSART Department of Atmospheric Science, State University of New York at Albany, Albany, NY 12222 (Manuscript received 28 March 1983, in final form 3 August 1983)ABSTRACT Two

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