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Christopher Daly, Jonathan W. Smith, Joseph I. Smith, and Robert B. McKane

effects of terrain create spatially and temporally complex climatic patterns. This paper describes the development, application, and assessment of methods to construct daily high-resolution meteorological grids for the 2003 calendar year in the Upper South Santiam Watershed (USSW), a 500-km 2 mountainous catchment in the Cascade Range in western Oregon. Located within the Willamette National Forest, the USSW is managed primarily for forest products and wildlife habitat. The meteorological grids

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Alan W. Black, Gabriele Villarini, and Thomas L. Mote

positive relationship between risk and daily accumulation. In summary, the research questions that we want to address are the following: What is the relative risk of crash, injury, and fatality in the six study states? What is the relationship between rainfall accumulation and relative risk? How do changes in exposure influence relative risk? Does relative risk of crash during rainfall differ between urban and rural areas? Our results will provide a comprehensive assessment and quantification of the

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Paola A. Arias, Juan Camilo Villegas, Jenny Machado, Angélica M. Serna, Lina M. Vidal, Catherine Vieira, Carlos A. Cadavid, Sara C. Vieira, Jorge E. Ángel, and Óscar A. Mejía

adaptation strategies involving the participation of communities in these regions. Among the diverse prevention, mitigation, and adaptation strategies for climate change—or more generally environmental change—early warning systems (EWS) have been widely used, mainly after the Indian Ocean tsunami occurred in December 2004 (e.g., de León et al. 2006 ). For an effective and adequate operation of EWS, four key interrelated aspects need to be considered: 1) risk assessment, 2) monitoring and warning service

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Tobias Dalhaus and Robert Finger

. , Quirion P. , and Sultan B. , 2009 : Weather-index drought insurance in Burkina-Faso: Assessment of its potential interest to farmers . Wea. Climate Soc. , 1 , 71 – 84 , doi: 10.1175/2009WCAS1008.1 . Berg, E. , and Schmitz B. , 2008 : Weather‐based instruments in the context of whole‐farm risk management . Agric. Finance Rev. , 68 , 119 – 133 , doi: 10.1108/00214660880001222 . Cabas, J. , Weersink A. , and Olale E. , 2010 : Crop yield response to economic, site and climatic

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Shadya Sanders, Terri Adams, and Everette Joseph

the Super Outbreak in April of 2011. With the potential for a rise in the number of tornado outbreaks, understanding the public’s response to weather threats becomes increasingly important as risk communication “influences how people perceive and act on risks” ( Bostrom et al. 2018 ). Similarly, Losee et al. (2017) argues that improvements to forecast message content are as important as improving forecast message accuracy. Extreme weather resiliency requires both improved weather prediction and

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Bruce A. Harper, John D. Holmes, Jeffrey D. Kepert, Luciano B. Mason, and Peter J. Vickery

of the simulated data for Port Hedland with respect to the recorded history. The veracity of the simulated data is further considered in the next section. c. Lack of validation and inaccuracy of simulation modeling CN09 use the results of the WRT simulation (described in their section 3a) without first validating the model results. The accepted method for using tropical cyclone simulation models for risk assessment involves validation of all model components, including verifying that the

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Thomas Kox and Annegret H. Thieken

media in general. Uncertainty is a “fundamental characteristic of weather” ( National Research Council 2006 ). It is assumed that being open and transparent about uncertainty will enhance trustworthiness and confidence in the quality of scientific output ( Johnson and Slovic 1995 ). The items are loosely based on items by Johnson and Slovic (1998) , who investigated lay people’s views on environmental health risk assessments. They showed that the participants of their study consider the

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Mark S. Allen and F. Anthony Eckel

Using Weather and Climate Forecasts . The National Academies Press, 112 pp. [Available online at http://www.nap.edu/catalog/11699.html .] National Weather Service/Climate Prediction Center , cited 2011 : Climatological and weather linkage . [Available online at http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ .] Palmer, T. N. , 2002 : The economic value of ensemble forecasts as a tool for risk assessment: From days to decades . Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc. , 128 , 747 – 774 . Richardson, D. S. , 2000

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Joshua J. Hatzis, Jennifer Koch, and Harold E. Brooks

. 2014 ; Strader et al. 2016 ). These risk assessments rarely include tallies of tornadoes that narrowly missed a populated area; however, near-misses are equally likely events and thus are an important part of the true exposure risk ( Dillon et al. 2011 ; Tinsley et al. 2012 ; Dillon et al. 2014 ). In addition to impacting exposure risk, near-misses can also influence vulnerability via their effect on risk perception and shelter-seeking behavior ( Dillon et al. 2014 ). This study represents a

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Philip L. Chaney and Greg S. Weaver

advises mobile home residents to go to the nearest sturdy building or storm shelter ( NOAA 2009 ). Therefore, tornado preparedness is especially important for mobile home residents. One of the first steps in preparing for a tornado should be to obtain some type of information or training on tornado hazards. This training might include participating in a tornado drill or learning the definition of a tornado warning, which has been shown to reduce risk in previous studies. For example, Eidson et al

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