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Matthew J. Cutler, Jennifer R. Marlon, Peter D. Howe, and Anthony Leiserowitz

the climate continues to warm ( IPCC 2014 ). Public perception of climate change, including the causes, consequences, and associated risks to human health and well-being, has been investigated across multiple social and behavioral science disciplines ( Swim et al. 2009 , 2011 ; Dunlap and Brulle 2015 ). One of the persistent challenges, however, has been to identify the effects (if any) that physical changes to the environment (e.g., weather, plant and animal life, pollution) and geographically

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Jeffrey Czajkowski and James Done

. Aerodyn., 77–78, 53–64 . RMS , 2008 : Exposure data quality. The review: A guide to catastrophe modeling, Risk Management Solutions Rep., 12–14 . Sadowski, N. , and Sutter D. , 2005 : Hurricane fatalities and hurricane damages: Are safer hurricanes more damaging? South. Econ. J. , 72 , 422 – 432 . Schmidt, S. , Kemfert C. , and Hoppe P. , 2009 : Simulation of economic losses from tropical cyclones in the years 2015 and 2050: The effects of anthropogenic climate change and growing

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George C. Nche

change. However, their responses to questions bordering on the definition/conceptualization of climate change with respect to its causes and effects, church’s role perception, and action informed the following themes and subthemes ( Fig. 1 ). Fig . 1. Summative presentation of themes and subthemes. a. Awareness/knowledge of climate change 1) Causes of climate change The study found that a majority of the participants say that climate change is caused by human activity (i.e., anthropogenic climate

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Andrzej Ceglarz, Rasmus E. Benestad, and Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz

change. There is a broad social and political consensus about the significance of climate change in Norway, while in Poland the inconvenient truth about anthropogenic climate change remains particularly inconvenient. Thus, we would like to use the scientific capital and accumulated empirical knowledge that have been developed and collected during the project and later to address the following question: What are the potential explanations for the embedded contrarianism in Poland and Norway? We chose

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Kevin Goebbert, Hank C. Jenkins-Smith, Kim Klockow, Matthew C. Nowlin, and Carol L. Silva

). Efforts to address climate change through reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and adaptation efforts provide a challenging case for garnering and retaining public support because the science is complex and subject to political controversy, and because efforts to mitigate the effects or adapt to the impending changes may prove to be quite costly. How then might members of the public come to perceive climate change as a pressing issue requiring potentially costly policy responses? Evidence has

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Gregory G. Garner and Anne M. Thompson

is primarily produced by combustion processes such as natural fires, vehicles, and power plants. VOCs are produced by plant life, by burning of carbon-based fuels, and in thousands of industrial processes such as plastics manufacturing and smelters. The EPA designated ozone as a criteria pollutant because of its heavy dependence on anthropogenically produced precursors and malicious effects on human health. As a criteria pollutant, ozone is subject to restrictions outlined in the National Ambient

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Ashley A. Anderson, Teresa A. Myers, Edward W. Maibach, Heidi Cullen, Jim Gandy, Joe Witte, Neil Stenhouse, and Anthony Leiserowitz

a sample of two cities in South Carolina (Columbia, n = 352; Greenville, n = 394), we examined the effects of three video treatments (originally aired on a local weathercast during an extreme heat event in South Carolina in the summer of 2012) on risk perceptions of global warming: 1) a forecast that simply predicted more extreme heat; 2) Climate Matters, an educational segment linking extreme heat to climate change; and 3) a combination of both the forecast and the Climate Matters segments

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Daniel Tobin, Rama Radhakrishna, Allison Chatrchyan, and Shorna B. Allred

caused by climate change makes it a particularly difficult challenge to address ( Walthall et al. 2012 ). In the United States, these challenges are compounded by the skepticism that exists regarding anthropogenic climate change. Nationally, 63% of the U.S. population believes that global warming is happening, but only 47% believe it is human caused ( Howe et al. 2015 ). Farmers are often even less certain than the general public about anthropogenic climate change ( Arbuckle et al. 2013 ; Liu et al

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Matthew Cotton and Emma Stevens

necessitates combined technical and societal responses to reduce systemic vulnerability to climate variability effects. Despite potential benefits such as longer growing seasons in cooler countries (e.g., Linderholm 2006 ) or more efficient shipping routes through an ice-free Arctic ( Smith and Stephenson 2013 ), the negative impacts of climate change are significant and far reaching. These include (but are not limited to) increased incidence/intensity of extreme weather events ( Stott et al. 2016

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Tobias Siegfried, Stefan Sobolowski, Pradeep Raj, Ram Fishman, Victor Vasquez, Kapil Narula, Upmanu Lall, and Vijay Modi

, including crop choice, and may mitigate the effects of hydroclimatic variability. Unfortunately, many times good-quality socioeconomic time-series data on these features are not available. This is also the case for the present study. Thus, we concentrate exclusively on the effects of hydroclimatic variability on irrigated agriculture. However, we note that, if reliable socioeconomic data ever became available, the conceptual model presented here can easily be amended to accommodate these. 3. Data and

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