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Andrea K. Gerlak, Zack Guido, Catherine Vaughan, Valerie Rountree, Christina Greene, Diana Liverman, Adrian R. Trotman, Roché Mahon, Shelly-Ann Cox, Simon J. Mason, Katharine L. Jacobs, James L. Buizer, Cedric J. Van Meerbeeck, and Walter E. Baethgen

dissemination? The Caribbean comprises numerous small islands, many of which experience similar climate and weather risks. Nevertheless, each has its own climate vulnerabilities as a result of unique social and geophysical conditions ( Farrell et al. 2010 ). Building a robust network at a regional scale therefore requires engaging people from different countries and across and within many sectors. It also requires promoting information exchange beyond the actual CariCOF. Building such a network presents a

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Christopher T. Emrich and Susan L. Cutter

from the 2010 Census data are no longer comparable. However, extending the trend line out to future years does provide a reasonable basis to drawn general conclusions about likely future county level social vulnerabilities for the study area. d. Spatial measures of hazard exposure Climate-sensitive hazards, especially those related to water (or the lack of water) are among the most costly threats that face the United States. In fact, tropical storms/hurricanes, heat waves/drought, and flooding top

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Tony Huiquan Zhang

comfort and weather comfort measurements. Experts agree the following variables contribute to an overall comfort level: air temperature, radiant temperature, air velocity, water vapor pressure in ambient air, the individual’s heat production, and his/her clothing adaptation ( Fanger 1970 ; Nicol and Humphreys 2002 ; Parsons 2014 ). Also, precipitation, types of weather (especially extreme weather conditions), and specific microsettings such as buildings, streets, and crowds (of special relevance to

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P. Zion Klos, John T. Abatzoglou, Alycia Bean, Jarod Blades, Melissa A. Clark, Megan Dodd, Troy E. Hall, Amanda Haruch, Philip E. Higuera, Joseph D. Holbrook, Vincent S. Jansen, Kerry Kemp, Amber Lankford, Timothy E. Link, Troy Magney, Arjan J. H. Meddens, Liza Mitchell, Brandon Moore, Penelope Morgan, Beth A. Newingham, Ryan J. Niemeyer, Ben Soderquist, Alexis A. Suazo, Kerri T. Vierling, Von Walden, and Chelsea Walsh

stream temperature may be of concern, a general warming trend is of much less perceived importance to end users than issues of water limitation within our case example. However, in other regions (e.g., desert cities with urban heat islands), results of such analysis might reveal temperature increase as being of high perceived importance. Indicators high in both perceived importance and biophysical complexity (fire and productivity related) are likely of higher perceived importance to people because

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Daniel Tobin, Rama Radhakrishna, Allison Chatrchyan, and Shorna B. Allred

, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, West Virginia, and Vermont) and the District of Columbia. The Northeast Climate Hub sought out these land-grant universities as institutions with expertise in conducting research, designing programs based on research findings, and delivering those programs to target audiences. This current study is part of a larger regional needs assessment on behalf of the Northeast Climate Hub. Agriculture in the northeastern United States is

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Ross N. Hoffman, Peter Dailey, Susanna Hopsch, Rui M. Ponte, Katherine Quinn, Emma M. Hill, and Brian Zachry

atmospheric winds and in the heat and freshwater fluxes at the ocean surface and from rivers. Therefore, correlations might be expected between the seasonal cycle of sea level and the seasonal cycle of storms. Here we assume that the seasonal cycle is not changing in time. High-frequency processes. A number of processes affect sea level on submonthly time scales. These include synoptic weather and the short period tides. Storm surge associated with tropical and extratropical cyclones has clear and

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Christopher A. Fiebrich, Jadwiga R. Ziolkowska, Phillip B. Chilson, and Elizabeth A. Pillar-Little

environmental benefits as well as possible beneficiaries of atmospheric profiles from a 3D mesonet that might soon be integrated into the operational data streams of surface mesonets across the United States. Other aspects of economics related solely to technological sustainability of WxUAS are not addressed here. 2. History of UAS use in meteorology for profiling The National Weather Service radiosonde network consists of 92 observation locations across North America and the Pacific Islands that take twice

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Adrienne Marshall, Van Butsic, and John Harte

decrease in 1 May SWE, visitation advanced by 5.0 days. Increases in total annual flow had a small but significant effect, where a 10% increase in annual Q relative to the long-term mean was associated with a 0.6–1-day delay in visitation. Warmer temperatures were associated with earlier visitation in all seasons, though the effect size was much stronger for spring (MAM) and summer (JJA) temperatures than for fall (SON) and winter (DJF) temperatures. Fig . 4. Heat map of regression results for each

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Lawrence C. Hamilton

. , Stewart T. G. , and Evans D. J. A. , 2008 : A millennial-scale record of Arctic Ocean sea ice variability and the demise of the Ellesmere Island ice shelves . Geophys. Res. Lett. , 35 , L19502 , doi:10.1029/2008GL034470 . Gerlach, T. , 2011 : Volcanic versus anthropogenic carbon dioxide . Eos, Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union , 92 , 201 – 208 . Hamilton, L. C. , 2008 : Who cares about polar regions? Results from a survey of U.S. public opinion . Arct. Antarct. Alp. Res. , 40 , 671

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Peter N. Peregrine

-019-02380-2 . 10.1007/s10584-019-02380-2 Harrington , J. , and M. Gelfand , 2014 : Tightness–looseness across the 50 United States . Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA , 111 , 7990 – 7995 , https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1317937111 . 10.1073/pnas.1317937111 Holling , C. S. , L. Gunderson , and G. Peterson , 2002 : Sustainability and panarchy. Panarchy: Understanding Transformations in Human and Natural Systems , L. Gunderson and C. S. Holling, Eds., Island Press, 63–102 . Horney , J. , D

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