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Gigi Owen, Jonathan D. McLeod, Crystal A. Kolden, Daniel B. Ferguson, and Timothy J. Brown

in terms of number of acres burned; approximately 981 000 acres in Arizona and just under 1 255 000 acres in New Mexico burned in 2011 ( Southwest Coordination Center 2011b ). While it would be impossible to count how many lives, land acres, or resources were saved by using climate forecasts in preseason planning, forecasts played a visible role in early season planning processes and management responses during the 2011 fire season. Results from this study help illuminate the role of climate

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Steve Rayner

production. The 2004 Natural Resource Management Act established the basis for controls of almost all water abstraction and use throughout South Australia. The act separates agricultural water rights from land ownership and gives the Minister of Water, Environment and Natural Resources, in consultation with the community, the power to “prescribe” any surface water (farm dams), creeks, rivers, and groundwater aquifers. Once prescribed, any water taken for consumptive (i.e., nonenvironmental) purposes

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Auwal F. Abdussalam, Andrew J. Monaghan, Daniel F. Steinhoff, Vanja M. Dukic, Mary H. Hayden, Thomas M. Hopson, John E. Thornes, and Gregor C. Leckebusch

dustiness may change little, all else being equal (e.g., Shao et al. 2011 ). On the other hand, land use may change dramatically in the future; for example, widespread irrigated agriculture may become established in the region, which may reduce the number of dusty days (e.g., Cowie et al. 2013 ), or conversely overgrazing could lead to dustier conditions. Fig . 5. Similar to the middle panels of Fig. 4 for the RCP6.0 projections of meningitis cases, but with the number of dusty days (top) increased

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Jianxin Cui, Hong Chang, Kaiyue Cheng, and George S. Burr

not provided a clear and comprehensive picture of desertification of this region during the Ming dynasty. We attempt to improve on this aspect of the research by compiling all available historical data on desertification and land use, with as much detail as sources permit. With this historical perspective, we reconstruct the regional desertification process at both temporal and spatial scales. In addition, the potential climatic drivers of desertification are analyzed here. To date, little

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Manishka De Mel, William Solecki, Radley Horton, Ryan Bartlett, Abigail Hehmeyer, Shaun Martin, and Cynthia Rosenzweig

, that were designed to enhance opportunities for local climate change adaptation, conservation, and natural resource management. The survey is focused on addressing stakeholders’ understanding of climate risk. More specifically, the paper seeks to define the following: 1) What do conservation stakeholders consider to be the most significant climate risks they face now and possibly in the future? 2) What have been the most significant barriers to their using climate risk information? 3) What sources

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Coleen Vogel, Ingrid Koch, and Koos Van Zyl

). Singular drought governance efforts, usually focused in a single department (e.g., agriculture), are therefore encouraged to be more transversal in design, cutting across and including key implementing agencies, such as those involved with social and economic development, primary health care, land use planning, environmental management, and infrastructure (including housing; e.g., Government of South Africa 2002 ). An emergency response mode of operation, while still required in severe cases, is

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Neda Kazemi, Maryam Sharifzadeh, and Mostafa Ahmadvand

amount of fertilizers, poisons, and pesticides; income; costs; and land tenure system. Table 1 presents a summary of different scales related to the development of the questionnaire for this research. Table 2 provides the reliability and validity values. 1 In this study, analysis was performed using IBM SPSS version 21. Table 1. Scales for measuring determinants of frost-protection behavior among walnut orchardists. Table 2. Measurement model: validity and reliability. Two items from “Ease of

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Brent Boehlert, Ellen Fitzgerald, James E. Neumann, Kenneth M. Strzepek, and Jeremy Martinich

output rather than 1982 output. 20 Using the U.S. population projections described in Paltsev et al. (2015) , the Integrated Climate and Land Use Scenarios (ICLUS; Bierwagen et al. 2010 ) model was applied to generate county-level population projections at 5-yr time steps between 2000 and 2100. 21 Present values are constructed by building a piecewise linear time series of average annual effects in 2005 dollars, discounting that series at 3% (2005$), and then summing the result. The piecewise

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Lindsay C. Maudlin, Karen S. McNeal, Heather Dinon-Aldridge, Corey Davis, Ryan Boyles, and Rachel M. Atkins

1. Introduction In the face of global climate change, the need to disseminate accurate climate information to decision-makers for adaptation purposes has grown ( Salazar 2010 ); however, this is no easy feat. Consideration must be given to the climate information provided to decision-makers such that it is understandable and used appropriately ( Snover et al. 2013 ). Further consideration should be given to the presentation of the climate information from the visualization and design of the

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Hannah Torres and Kamal Alsharif

areas in Lee County, goal areas or action areas in Broward County, and climate change vulnerabilities in the city of Punta Gorda). Categories that appeared across all study areas included infrastructure, public policies and programs, land-use management, water supply, natural systems and resources, and education/outreach ( Beever et al. 2009 , 2010 ; Broward County Climate Change Task Force 2010 ; Broward County 2015b ; SFRCCC 2012 ). To determine other similarities and differences between study

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