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Rebecca Page and Lisa Dilling

. B. Mitchell , 2003 : Knowledge systems for sustainable development . Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA , 100 , 8086 – 8091 , . 10.1073/pnas.1231332100 Cravens , A. E. , 2018 : How and why Upper Colorado River Basin land, water, and fire managers choose to use drought tools (or not). U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Rep. 2018–1173, 60 pp., . 10.3133/ofr20181173 Dettinger , M. , B. Udall , and A. Georgakakos , 2015

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Johanna Nalau, Susanne Becken, Johanna Schliephack, Meg Parsons, Cilla Brown, and Brendan Mackey

in designing appropriate EbA measures ( Vignola et al. 2009 ). Empirical examples from Tanna Island (Vanuatu) highlighted the existence of very sophisticated traditional crop rotation systems on Tanna Island that are still in use and maintain community food security. However, communities noted these were eroding, given the increased pressure of population growth and having to convert forests into agricultural areas. One key factor in land use is land ownership regulations and community decision

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Johannes Möllmann, Matthias Buchholz, and Oliver Musshoff

for each farm were derived by calculating the average values for each index over all relevant pixels. For the calculation of the farm-level indices, the values of four pixels covering the cultivated areas were averaged. County-level indices were obtained by averaging the values of all pixels within the county borders. To only consider pixels covering arable land, we used the GLC2000 land-cover map with a spatial resolution of 1 km × 1 km ( Bartholomé and Belward 2005 ) and Google Earth imagery to

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Simon Albert, Kirsten Abernethy, Badin Gibbes, Alistair Grinham, Nixon Tooler, and Shankar Aswani

sediment dynamics and erosion processes at a local scale, this assumption of bathtub inundation is required. Global estimates indicate 0.31% of land surface would be inundated from 1 m of sea level rise ( Dasgupta et al. 2009 ). In comparison, results from mapping coastal topography using laser-level survey methods show the scale of inundation in the Solomon Islands is relatively high, with four of the nine villages surveyed likely to experience ≥0.31% loss of land. In the Solomon Islands, as in the

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Yosuke Adachi

that measurement point as the landfall time was noted. Otherwise, landfall time was determined by linear interpolation between the two measurement points on either side of the landfall location. 2) Maximum surge heights The Display Program of SLOSH (hereafter, SDP; National Weather Service 2013b ) was used to determine maximum surge height. The values of Maximum Envelope of Water (MEOW), with land elevation subtracted, were viewed for the relevant SLOSH basin(s) for each landfall. The maximum

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Vikram M. Mehta, Cody L. Knutson, Norman J. Rosenberg, J. Rolf Olsen, Nicole A. Wall, Tonya K. Bernadt, and Michael J. Hayes

about the temperature of cooling water released into the rivers from which it is drawn, DCOs could be used in planning operations of such plants and in management of effluent water temperatures. b. Urban water With regard to urban water systems, workshop participants described how DCOs could be used in water management and planning, land-use planning, budgeting, and public education. However, it was also reported that, within a DCO, monthly and seasonal climate predictions are also needed for

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Jessica Bolson and Kenneth Broad

:// .] Bernard, R. H. , 1988 : Research Methods in Cultural Anthropology. Sage Publishing, 824 pp . Blake, N. M. , 1980 : Land into Water—Water into Land: A History of Water Management in Florida. University Presses of Florida, 344 pp . Bozeman, B. , 2000 : Technology transfer and public policy: A review of research and theory . Res. Policy , 29 , 627 – 655 . Broad, K. , and Agrawala S. , 2000 : The Ethiopia food crisis: Uses and limits of

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Kristin VanderMolen and Alexandra Horangic

spill. Further, since 2001, most farmers interviewed have experimented with one or more drought adaptation strategy, including transitioning from flood irrigation to sprinklers, laser-leveling fields, monitoring irrigation rates, using drought-tolerant crops, participating in land idling programs, attending informational meetings on water use and availability, and using climate and climate-related information in an effort to anticipate allocation and curtailment. b. Climate information use All

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Lisa Dilling, Kirsten Lackstrom, Benjamin Haywood, Kirstin Dow, Maria Carmen Lemos, John Berggren, and Scott Kalafatis

research results, and sharing the costs and responsibilities for monitoring efforts. Furthermore, climate concerns were frequently expressed in terms of how climate interacts with (or might interact in the future, under climate change) other stressors, processes, and conditions to produce adverse impacts (e.g., population growth, development, and land use change). Accordingly, efforts to collect and interpret data on the hydrological impacts of climate variability and change need to include additional

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Joong-Woo Lee, Jinyong Jang, Kwang-Kun Ko, and Youngsang Cho

. Contemp. Econ. Policy , 13 , 10 – 19 , doi: 10.1111/j.1465-7287.1995.tb00720.x . Alberini, A. , and Krupnick A. , 2000 : Cost-of-illness and willingness-to-pay estimates of the benefits of improved air quality: Evidence from Taiwan . Land Econ. , 76 , 37 – 53 , doi: 10.2307/3147256 . Allan, S. S. , Gaddy S. G. , and Evans J. E. , 2001 : Delay causality and reduction at the New York City Airports using terminal weather information systems. Project Rep. ATC-291, Lincoln Laboratory

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