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Maya K. Buchanan, Michael Oppenheimer, and Adam Parris

1. Introduction Forty percent of the world’s population resides along ocean coastlines, and ~10% live on land that is within 10 m above sea level ( McGranahan et al. 2007 ). Meanwhile, urban exposure to flooding is increasing as a result of population growth and sea level rise (SLR) resulting from anthropogenic climate change. Recent research on the rate and magnitude of SLR ( Kopp et al. 2014 ; Sweet et al. 2017 ), the change in distribution of tropical cyclones ( Lin et al. 2012 ; Walsh et

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Gabrielle Wong-Parodi, Baruch Fischhoff, and Benjamin Strauss

, retention, and action ( Lindell and Perry 1992 ). Hence, we created interventions designed to capture attention and enhance comprehension, hoping to encourage acceptance, retention, and action. We expected stronger effects for recipients who 1) have a personal predisposition to take preventive action about flooding and 2) are exposed to both interventions, thereby pairing fear and efficacy. We sought to make each intervention as effective as possible by providing a high-fidelity decision aid that showed

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Johnathan W. Sugg

33% of Americans are identified as cautious, disengaged, or doubtful about the issue, indicating different levels of understanding and acceptance of it. Only a small portion of Americans (i.e., 10%) are dismissive of global warming entirely. Even across the political divide, most Democrats and most Republicans believe in anthropogenic climate change ( Van Boven et al. 2018 ). Public opinion polls show that in the most recent 2016 general election, nearly half of Trump voters believed that global

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Ryan P. Crompton, K. John McAneney, Keping Chen, Roger A. Pielke Jr., and Katharine Haynes

in Europe: 1970–2008. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. , 10 , 97 – 104 . 10.5194/nhess-10-97-2010 Blong, R. , 2003 : A new damage index. Nat. Hazards , 30 , 1 – 23 . 10.1023/A:1025018822429 Blong, R. , 2004 : Residential building damage and natural perils: Australian examples and issues. Build. Res. Inf. , 32 , 379 – 390 . 10.1080/0961321042000221007 Bouwer, L. M. , 2010 : Have disaster losses increased because of anthropogenic climate change? Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. , in

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Vikram M. Mehta, Cody L. Knutson, Norman J. Rosenberg, J. Rolf Olsen, Nicole A. Wall, Tonya K. Bernadt, and Michael J. Hayes

coping with them. Members of the project team interviewed 30 stakeholders responsible for managing and studying the effects of climate variability on agriculture and water resources in the basin. The groups and agencies represented were USACE, Bureau of Reclamation (BoR), National Park Service, Central Nebraska Public Power and Irrigation District, TriBasin Natural Resources District, Nebraska Farm Bureau, American Rivers, Nebraska City Adaptive Management Group, and relevant departments and

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Kristin M. F. Timm, Edward W. Maibach, Maxwell Boykoff, Teresa A. Myers, and Melissa A. Broeckelman-Post

an opposing viewpoint—a common practice in political news framing—became more common ( Fahy 2017 ). Between the mid-1990s and early 2000s, 70% of television outlets covered climate change as a balance of natural and human causes. In the mid-2000s the scientific evidence for anthropogenic climate change increased and false balance in climate change reporting began to decline ( Boykoff 2011 ). Fahy (2017) explained that by 2010–11, incidents of false balance had practically disappeared from

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L. Bruce Railsback

,” and “absurd.” According to one online article, “environmental determinism … has long been discredited in academic circles” ( Wikipedia 2016 ), and even climatologists writing about modern anthropogenic climate change now speak of “the determinist fallacy” ( Hulme 2011 , p. 247). With regard to history and empire, Livingstone (2011) wrote that “environmental determinism has been read as a legitimating ideology underwriting imperial impulses” and thus providing “a scientific justification for the

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Raul P. Lejano, Joyce Melcar Tan, and A. Meriwether W. Wilson

speakers and listeners are? As our investigation surrounding Typhoon Haiyan suggests, these questions are among the most urgent and consequential for reducing the impacts of extreme weather on society. The Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC) suggests that, attendant to anthropogenic influences on global climate, there may be more frequent extreme daily minimum and maximum temperatures, intensification of extreme precipitation, and increasing coastal high water ( IPCC 2012 ). 1 IPCC

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Avital Li and James Ford

the cumulative properties of that process” (p. 1276). Understanding pathways of change develops knowledge of context-specific, long-term effects of social–ecological interactions that facilitates the identification of adaptive strategies that are both feasible and desirable for the community in question ( Fazey et al. 2011 ). This study identifies, characterizes, and examines trajectories of change in the Ngöbe-Buglé Indigenous community of Playitas, a neighborhood in Panama’s Veraguas province

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Amanda E. Cravens, Jamie McEvoy, Dionne Zoanni, Shelley Crausbay, Aaron Ramirez, and Ashley E. Cooper

) , we categorized these drivers into four components of drought exposure: meteorological drought (meteorological conditions during a dry period), landscape characteristics (natural features like topography and soils), human land and water use (human modifications of hydrological processes such as reservoirs and irrigation), and (anthropogenic) climate change. Participants described drought exposure related to each of these components ( Table 1 ; also see Table S3 , column 11). Most interviewees

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