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S. G. H. Philander and J-H. Yoon

862 JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY VOLUME 12Eastern Boundary Currents and Coastal UpwellingS. G. H. PHILANDER AND J.-H. YOON- Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory/NOAA, Princeton University. Princeton, NJ 08540(Manuscript received 5 January 1982, in final form 28 April 1982)ABSTRACT The adjustment of the eastern coastal zone of an inviscid ocean with vertical

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Rui Xin Huang

OCTOBER 1990 RUI XIN HUANG 1599Matching a Ventilated Thermocline Model with Inertial Western Boundary Currents* Rui XIN HUANGDepartment of Physical Oceanography, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts(Manuscript received 7 July 1989, in final form 18 April 1990) ABSTRACT A two-layered ventilated thermocline model is matched with

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Claudia Cenedese and Claudia Adduce

confined to the top of the current. Furthermore, Özgökmen and Fischer (2008) recently found that form drag resulting from separation around rough bottom topography can be as important as the bottom shear drag for the dynamics of the overflow. In the present study, we focus solely on the shear region at the top of the dense current, which we believe is driving the entrainment in most of the overflows examined. However, very shallow overflows whose height is comparable to the bottom boundary layer

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X. Capet, J. C. McWilliams, M. J. Molemaker, and A. F. Shchepetkin

1. Introduction In Capet et al. (2008 , hereinafter Part I ), a suite of computational simulations for an idealized subtropical, eastern boundary, upwelling current system [referred to as the idealized California Current (ICC)] is analyzed for the emergent submesoscale flows that arise once the horizontal grid resolution increases to O (1) km. The high-resolution solutions (ICC0 at 0.750-km and ICC1 at 1.5-km horizontal grid spacing) exhibit abundant near-surface submesoscale features

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Claudia Cenedese

the boundary of the Nordic Seas ( Mauritzen 1996 ) and the Labrador Sea ( Pickart and Spall 2007 ). In particular, sinking in the Labrador boundary current, subjected to slantwise convection ( Straneo et al. 2002a , b ; Cuny et al. 2005 ), has been advocated for almost a decade ( Pickart et al. 2002 ) and more recently inferred by Pickart and Spall (2007) . Downwelling occurring in these subpolar marginal seas due to the large air/sea buoyancy fluxes is of fundamental importance to the global

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Annalisa Bracco, Joseph Pedlosky, and Robert S. Pickart

1. Introduction It has been known for some time that an area of high eddy kinetic energy extends from the boundary of the eastern Labrador Sea in the region near 61°–62°N ( Heywood et al. 1994 ; Fig. 1 ). Recently, it has been shown that this feature is associated with the formation of energetic eddies from the boundary current. The eddies subsequently propagate to the southwest and populate the interior of the Labrador Sea ( Prater 2002 ; Lilly et al. 2003 ). Various studies have shown that

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Yue Sun, Jing-Wu Liu, and Shang-Ping Xie

1. Introduction Satellites have revealed a salient precipitation band residing just over the Gulf Stream ( Hobbs 1987 ; Minobe et al. 2008 ), which is the strongest oceanic western boundary current in the Northern Hemisphere ( Tomczak and Godfrey 2003 ). In winter, the precipitation over the Gulf Stream releases a huge amount of latent heat into the atmosphere ( Bane and Osgood 1989 ) and strongly influences regional climate and weather ( Hamilton 1981 ; Forbes et al. 1997 ; Pfahl et al

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Ryusuke Masunaga, Hisashi Nakamura, Bunmei Taguchi, and Takafumi Miyasaka

1. Introduction Satellite and in situ observations have captured local augmentation in time-mean surface wind convergence along the warm midlatitude western boundary currents (WBCs), including the Kuroshio Extension (KE), Gulf Stream (GS), and Agulhas Return Current (ARC), and divergence slightly poleward (e.g., Tokinaga et al. 2005 ; Minobe et al. 2008 , 2010 ; O’Neill et al. 2003 , 2005 ; Nkwinkwa Njouodo et al. 2018 ). The surface wind convergence accompanies local enhancement in

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Michael A. Spall

advection also appears to be important for less geographically constrained regions of buoyancy loss such as the Nordic seas ( Mauritzen 1996 ) and the Labrador Sea ( Katsman et al. 2004 ; Lilly et al. 2003 ; Straneo 2004, manuscript submitted to J. Phys. Oceanogr. ). Understanding the interaction between the narrow boundary currents that are required to balance the net buoyancy flux and the vast interior regions over which there are significant surface fluxes is key to understanding the heat budget in

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Hsien Wang Ou and Wilhelmus P. M. De Ruijter

280 JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY VOLUME 16Separation of an Inertial Boundary Current from a Curved Coastline* HSIEN WANG OULamont-Doherty Geological Observatory of Columbia University, Palisades, NY 10964 WILHELMUS P. M. DE RULITERRijkswaterstaat/Deltaservice, Fan Alkemadelaan 400, 2597 A T Den Haag, The Netherlands (Manuscri~ received 11 March 1985, in final form 29 August 1985) A two-layer model

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