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Richard J. Matson and Arlen W. Huggins

The Direct Measurement of the Sizes, Shapes and Kinematics of Falling HailstonesRICHARD J. MATSON' AND ARLEN W. HUG GINS^Convective Storms Division, National Center for Atmospheric Re~earch,~ Boulder, CO 80307(Manuscript received 29 June 1979, in final form 10 December 1979)ABSTRACTThe kinematic behavior of hailstones falling in their natural environment near the surface was studiedusing stroboscopic photography in a mobile van. The experimental results permitted determination ofthe shape and

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Gerald M. Heymsfield

F~nat~a- 1978 G E R A L D M. H E Y M S F I E L D 233Kinematic and Dynamic Aspects of the Harrah Tornadic Storm Analyzed from Dual-Doppler Radar Data GERALD M. HEYMSFIELDl University of Oklahoma, Norman 73019(Manuscript received 10 November 1976, in final form 16 November 1977)ABSTRACT The paper deals with a diagnostic study of the three-dimensional kinematic and dynamic

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Terry J. Schuur, W. David Rust, Bradley F. Smull, and Thomas C. Marshall

15M^RCH 1991 SCHUUR, SMULL, RUST AND MARSHALL 825Electrical and Kinematic Structure of the $tratiform Precipitation Region Trailing an Oklahoma Squall LineTERRY J. SCHUUR,*'t'@ BRADLEY F. SMULL,** W. DAVID RUST* AND THOMAS C. MARSHALL$ *NOAA/ERL/National Severe Storms Laboratory, Norman, Oklahoma *Cooperative Institute for Mesoscale Meteorological Studies, University of Oklahoma, Norman

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Bongjae Kuk, Hongil Kim, Jongsung Ha, Hyokeun Lee, and Gyuwon Lee

develop a total membership function for lightning (TMF) calculated from fuzzy logic algorithms, and to evaluate the lightning forecasting performance of TMF using skill scores. 2. Data and methodology a. Radio sounding observation data In this study, thermodynamic and kinematic parameters were determined from radio sounding observation data from five sites during 2004–09. The basic information derived from the soundings is summarized in Fig. 1 and Table 1 . Osan and Gwangju, operated by the

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William P. Mahoney III

1474 MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW VOLUME II6Gust Front Characteristics and the Kinematics Associated with Interacting Thunderstorm Outflows WILLIAM P. MAHONEY IIINational Center for Atmospheric Research,* Boulder, Colorado(Manuscript received 6 August 1987, in final form 19 January 1988) ABSTRACT The morphology, kinematic and thermodynamic characteristics

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Hugh Morrison and Wojciech W. Grabowski

these m–D and A–D relationships. Note that, although we apply the new approach in a bulk model, it could also be readily applied to bin models. In bin models the rimed mass fraction would be retained locally for each size or mass bin and then used to derive the m–D and A–D relationships in each bin. The new scheme is tested using a kinematic framework. The kinematic framework includes a specified flow field that allows for testing of the microphysics scheme without complications due to cloud

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Peigen Lin, Robert S. Pickart, Kerstin Jochumsen, G. W. K. Moore, Héðinn Valdimarsson, Tim Fristedt, and Lawrence J. Pratt

strait. However, we lack an analogous view of the kinematic structure. Over the years, moorings have been deployed in the deepest part of the sill, which is referred to as the trough (see Fig. 4 ). These time series have provided information on the vertical structure and transport of the overflow water (e.g., Jochumsen et al. 2017 ; von Appen et al. 2017 ; Spall et al. 2019 ). Recently a five-mooring array was deployed on the western flank of the trough. Using empirical orthogonal function

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Xin Lin and Richard H. Johnson

1 MARCH 1996 LIN AND JOHNSON 695Kinematic and Thermodynamic Characteristics of the Flow over the Western Pacific Warm Pool during TOGA COARE Xn~ Ln~ AND RICHARD H. JOHNSONDepartment of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado(Manuscript received 29 March 1995, in final form 6 September 1995) ABSTRACT

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David P. Jorgensen, Margaret A. LeMone, and Ben Jong-Dao Jou

2608 MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW VOLUME 119Precipitation and Kinematic Structure of an Oceanic Mesoscale Convective System. Part I: Convective Line Structure DAVID P. JORGENSENNOAA /NSSL/Mesoscale Research Division, Boulder, Colorado MARGARET A. LEMONENational Center for Atmospheric Research, * Boulder, Colorado BEN JONG

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Mahdi Mohammadi-Aragh, Martin Losch, and Helge F. Goessling

). Furthermore, properly representing the orientation and patterns of linear features (leads and pressure ridges) in models is thought to be directly related to the sea ice rheology of the model (e.g., Lindsay and Rothrock 1995 ; Hutchings et al. 2005 ). It is therefore desirable to evaluate linear kinematic features (LKF; Kwok 2001 ) emerging in high-resolution sea ice models against observations ( Coon et al. 2007 ; Hutter and Losch 2020 ). In the development process of new rheology models, the

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